Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014, Article ID 765618, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/765618
Research Article

Seed-Mediated Growth of Gold Nanorods: Limits of Length to Diameter Ratio Control

Department of Polymer and Fiber Engineering, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA

Received 11 February 2014; Revised 16 March 2014; Accepted 16 March 2014; Published 14 April 2014

Academic Editor: William W. Yu

Copyright © 2014 Christopher J. Ward et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor clusters, nanocrystals, and quantum dots,” Science, vol. 271, no. 5251, pp. 933–937, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. X. Huang, S. Neretina, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold nanorods: from synthesis and properties to biological and biomedical applications,” Advanced Materials, vol. 21, no. 48, pp. 4880–4910, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Du, B. Guo, and D. Jia, “Newly emerging applications of halloysite nanotubes: a review,” Polymer International, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 574–582, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. V. Patil, “Nanoclays make polymers stronger,” Advanced Materials and Processes, vol. 163, no. 12, pp. 39–40, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. Xu, Q. Zheng, Y. Song, and Y. Shangguan, “Calculating barrier properties of polymer/clay nanocomposites: effects of clay layers,” Polymer, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 2904–2910, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Y. M. Lvov, D. G. Shchukin, H. Möhwald, and R. R. Price, “Halloysite clay nanotubes for controlled release of protective agents,” ACS Nano, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 814–820, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. J. Ward, S. Song, and E. W. Davis, “Controlled release of tetracycline-HCl from halloysite-polymer composite films,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 6641–6649, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Bönnemann and R. M. Richards, “Nanoscopic metal particles: synthetic methods and potential applications,” European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 2001, no. 10, pp. 2455–2480, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. X. Huang, I. H. El-Sayed, W. Qian, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Cancer cell imaging and photothermal therapy in the near-infrared region by using gold nanorods,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 128, no. 6, pp. 2115–2120, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. A. Li, D. Day, and M. Gu, “Ultra-low energy threshold for cancer photothermal therapy using transferrin-conjugated gold nanorods,” Advanced Materials, vol. 20, no. 20, pp. 3866–3871, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. Pissuwan, T. Niidome, and M. B. Cortie, “The forthcoming applications of gold nanoparticles in drug and gene delivery systems,” Journal of Controlled Release, vol. 149, no. 1, pp. 65–71, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Pérez-Juste, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, “Gold nanorods: synthesis, characterization and applications,” Coordination Chemistry Reviews, vol. 249, no. 17-18, pp. 1870–1901, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. T. P. Ling, K. A. Razak, and A. A. Aziz, “Properties of gold nanoparticles synthesized in aqueous solution,” AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1455, pp. 219–224, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  14. N. N. Long, L. van Vu, C. D. Kiem et al., “Synthesis and optical properties of colloidal gold nanoparticles,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 187, Article ID 012026, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. I. V. Kityk, J. Ebothé, I. Fuks-Janczarek et al., “Nonlinear optical properties of Au nanoparticles on indium-tim oxide substrate,” Nanotechnology, vol. 16, article 1687, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. K. Ozga, T. Kawaharamura, A. Ali Umar et al., “Second order optical effects in Au nanoparticle-deposited ZnO nanocrystallite films,” Nanotechnology, vol. 19, no. 18, Article ID 185709, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. V. Alekseeva, V. A. Bogatyrev, B. N. Khlebtsov, A. G. Mel'nikov, L. A. Dykman, and N. G. Khlebtsov, “Gold nanorods: synthesis and optical properties,” Colloid Journal, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 661–678, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. R. Jana, L. Gearheart, and C. J. Murphy, “Evidence for seed-mediated nucleation in the chemical reduction of gold salts to gold nanoparticles,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 2313–2322, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C. J. Murphy, L. B. Thompson, D. J. Chernak et al., “Gold nanorod crystal growth: from seed-mediated synthesis to nanoscale sculpting,” Current Opinion in Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 128–134, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Preparation and growth mechanism of gold nanorods (NRs) using seed-mediated growth method,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1957–1962, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. S. Seo, X. Wang, and D. Murray, “Direct monitoring of gold nanorod growth,” Ionics, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 67–71, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. K. Smith, N. R. Miller, and B. A. Korgel, “Iodide in CTAB prevents gold nanorod formation,” Langmuir, vol. 25, no. 16, pp. 9518–9524, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. T. K. Sau and C. J. Murphy, “Seeded high yield synthesis of short Au nanorods in aqueous solution,” Langmuir, vol. 20, no. 15, pp. 6414–6420, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. K. Kang, I. Choi, J. Lee, Y. Kim, and J. Yi, “Investigation on shape variation of Au nanocrystals,” Current Applied Physics, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 810–813, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. Pérez-Juste, M. A. Correa-Duarte, and L. M. Liz-Marzán, “Silica gels with tailored, gold nanorod-driven optical functionalities,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 226, no. 1–3, pp. 137–143, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. J. Park, C. S. Ah, W. Kim, I. S. Choi, K. Lee, and W. S. Yun, “Temperature-induced control of aspect ratio of gold nanorods,” Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films, vol. 24, no. 4, Article ID 074604JVA, pp. 1323–1326, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. E. S. Kooij, W. Ahmed, C. Hellenthal, H. J. W. Zandvliet, and B. Poelsema, “From nanorods to nanostars: tuning the optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 413, pp. 231–238, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. A. El-Brolossy, T. Abdallah, M. B. Mohamed et al., “Shape and size dependence of the surface plasmon resonance of gold nanoparticles studied by Photoacoustic technique,” European Physical Journal: Special Topics, vol. 153, no. 1, pp. 361–364, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. W. Ni, X. Kou, Z. Yang, and J. Wang, “Tailoring longitudinal surface plasmon wavelengths, scattering and absorption cross sections of gold nanorods,” ACS Nano, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 677–686, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. Gole and C. J. Murphy, “Seed-mediated synthesis of gold nanorods: role of the size and nature of the seed,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 16, no. 19, pp. 3633–3640, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. X. C. Jiang and M. P. Pileni, “Gold nanorods: influence of various parameters as seeds, solvent, surfactant on shape control,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 295, no. 1–3, pp. 228–232, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. R. Zou, Q. Zhang, Q. Zhao et al., “Thermal stability of gold nanorods in an aqueous solution,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 372, no. 1–3, pp. 177–181, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. L. Gou and C. J. Murphy, “Fine-tuning the shape of gold nanorods,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 17, no. 14, pp. 3668–3672, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. Q. Li, T. Bürgi, and H. Chen, “Preparation of gold nanorods of high quality and high aspect ratio,” Journal Wuhan University of Technology, Materials Science Edition, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 104–107, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus