Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 962917, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/962917
Research Article

Optical Nonlinear Refractive Index of Laser-Ablated Gold Nanoparticles Graphene Oxide Composite

1Wireless and Photonic Networks Research Centre of Excellence (WiPNET), Faculty of Engineering Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
2Department of Computer and Communication Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Malaysia
3Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Malaysia

Received 5 June 2014; Revised 26 August 2014; Accepted 7 September 2014; Published 3 November 2014

Academic Editor: Tianxi Liu

Copyright © 2014 Amir Reza Sadrolhosseini et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Tomar and G. Garg, “Short review on application of gold nanoparticles,” Global Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 34–38, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. K. Khaing Oo, Y. Yang, Y. Hu, M. Gomez, H. Du, and H. Wang, “Gold nanoparticle-enhanced and size-dependent generation of reactive oxygen species from protoporphyrin IX,” ACS Nano, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 1939–1947, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. Vigderman and E. R. Zubarev, “Therapeutic platforms based on gold nanoparticles and their covalent conjugates with drug molecules,” Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, vol. 65, no. 5, pp. 663–676, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. K. Saha, S. S. Agasti, C. Kim, X. Li, and V. M. Rotello, “Gold nanoparticles in chemical and biological sensing,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 112, no. 5, pp. 2739–2779, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. W. Cai, T. Gao, H. Hong, and J. Sun, “Applications of gold nanoparticles in cancer nanotechnology,” Nanotechnology, Science and Applications, vol. 1, pp. 17–32, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. N. J. Halas, S. Lal, W.-S. Chang, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Plasmons in strongly coupled metallic nanostructures,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 111, no. 6, pp. 3913–3961, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. K. Jain, K. S. Lee, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 110, no. 14, pp. 7238–7248, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. C. Templeton, J. J. Pietron, R. W. Murray, and P. Mulvaney, “Solvent refractive index and core charge influences on the surface plasmon absorbance of alkanethiolate monolayer-protected gold clusters,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 104, no. 3, pp. 564–570, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Faraday, “The Bakerian lecture: experimental relations of gold (and other metals) to light,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, vol. 147, pp. 145–181, 1857. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. J. Turkevich, P. C. Stevenson, and J. Hillier, “A study of the nucleation and growth processes in the synthesis of colloidal gold,” Discussions of the Faraday Society, vol. 11, pp. 55–75, 1951. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. Li, T.-Y. Wu, S.-M. Chen, M. A. Ali, and F. M. A. AlHemaid, “Green synthesis and electrochemical characterizations of gold nanoparticles using leaf extract of Magnolia kobus,” International Journal of Electrochemical Science, vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 12742–12751, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Das, P. J. Babu, N. Gogoi, P. Sharma, and U. Bora, “Microwave-mediated rapid synthesis of gold nanoparticles Using Calotropis procera latex and study of optical properties,” ISRN Nanomaterials, vol. 2012, Article ID 650759, 6 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. K. Okitsu, M. Ashokkumar, and F. Grieser, “Sonochemical synthesis of gold nanoparticles: effects of ultrasound frequency,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 109, no. 44, pp. 20673–20675, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. V. Amendola, S. Polizzi, and M. Meneghetti, “Laser ablation synthesis of gold nanoparticles in organic solvents,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 110, no. 14, pp. 7232–7237, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. V. Barmina, G. A. Shafeev, P. G. Kuzmin, A. A. Serkov, A. V. Simakin, and N. N. Melnik, “Laser-assisted generation of gold nanoparticles and nanostructures in liquid and their plasmonic luminescence,” Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing, vol. 115, no. 3, pp. 747–752, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Y. Zhu, S. Murali, W. Cai et al., “Graphene and graphene oxide: synthesis, properties, and applications,” Advanced Materials, vol. 22, no. 35, pp. 3906–3924, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. Song, K. Qu, C. Zhao, J. Ren, and X. Qu, “Graphene oxide: intrinsic peroxidase catalytic activity and its application to glucose detection,” Advanced Materials, vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 2206–2210, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Lv, Y. Zhang, L. Liang et al., “Effect of graphene oxide on undifferentiated and retinoic acid-differentiated SH-SY5Y cells line,” Nanoscale, vol. 4, no. 13, pp. 3861–3866, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. W. Hu, C. Peng, W. Luo et al., “Graphene-based antibacterial paper,” ACS Nano, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 4317–4323, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. M. Choe, C.-Y. Cho, J.-P. Shim et al., “Au nanoparticle-decorated graphene electrodes for GaN-based optoelectronic devices,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 101, no. 3, Article ID 031115, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. G. Eda and M. Chhowalla, “Chemically derived graphene oxide: towards large-area thin-film electronics and optoelectronics,” Advanced Materials, vol. 22, no. 22, pp. 2392–2415, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. S. Sutar, G. Singh, and V. D. Botcha, “Electronic structure of graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide monolayers,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 101, no. 10, Article ID 103103, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. N. M. Huang, H. N. Lim, C. H. Chia, M. A. Yarmo, and M. R. Muhamad, “Simple room-temperature preparation of high-yield large-area graphene oxide,” International Journal of Nanomedicine, vol. 6, pp. 3443–3448, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. Granmayeh Rad, H. Abbasi, and K. Golyari, “Fabrication and nonlinear refractive index measurement of colloidal silver nanoparticles,” International Journal of Applied Physics and Mathematics, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 135–139, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 760–769, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, and E. W. van Stryland, “High-sensitivity, single-beam n2 measurements,” Optics Letters, vol. 14, no. 27, pp. 95–957, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  27. S. Ge, M. Yan, J. Lu et al., “Electrochemical biosensor based on graphene oxide–Au nanoclusters composites for l-cysteine analysis,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 49–54, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. P.-G. Ren, D.-X. Yan, X. Ji, T. Chen, and Z.-M. Li, “Temperature dependence of grapheme oxide reduced by hydrazine hydrate,” Nanotechnology, vol. 22, no. 5, Article ID 055705, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Z. Niu, J. Chen, H. H. Hng, J. Ma, and X. Chen, “A leavening strategy to prepare reduced graphene oxide foams,” Advanced Materials, vol. 24, no. 30, pp. 4144–4150, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. R. Sadrolhosseini, A. S. Noor, K. Shameli, G. Mamdoohi, M. M. Moksin, and M. Adzir Mahdi, “Laser ablation synthesis and optical properties of copper nanoparticles,” Journal of Materials Research, vol. 28, no. 18, pp. 2629–2636, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus