Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 201420, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/201420
Research Article

Substrate-Dependent Differences in the Crystal Structures and Optical Properties of ZnSe Nanowires

1Department of Physics, Kyonggi University, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 443-760, Republic of Korea
2School of Advanced Device Engineering, University of Science & Technology, 217 Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-350, Republic of Korea
3Nano Electron-Source Creative Research Center, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, 218 Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-700, Republic of Korea
4Department of Applied Physics and Institute of Nanoscience and Biotechnology, Dankook University, Yongin 448-701, Republic of Korea

Received 20 August 2015; Accepted 21 September 2015

Academic Editor: Magnus Willander

Copyright © 2015 Keumyoung Seo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, and C. M. Lieber, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6920, pp. 241–245, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. B. Tian, X. Zheng, T. J. Kempa et al., “Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources,” Nature, vol. 449, no. 7164, pp. 885–889, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Ju, A. Facchetti, Y. Xuan et al., “Fabrication of fully transparent nanowire transistors for transparent and flexible electronics,” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 378–384, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu et al., “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Letters, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 997–1004, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. Könenkamp, R. C. Word, and C. Schlegel, “Vertical nanowire light-emitting diode,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 85, no. 24, pp. 6004–6006, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M.-C. Jeong, B.-Y. Oh, M.-H. Ham, and J.-M. Myoung, “Electroluminescence from ZnO nanowires in n-ZnO film/ZnO nanowire array/p-GaN film heterojunction light-emitting diodes,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 88, no. 20, Article ID 202105, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang et al., “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature, vol. 457, no. 7230, pp. 706–710, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. X. Wang, L. Zhi, and K. Müllen, “Transparent, conductive graphene electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nano Letters, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 323–327, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai et al., “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Letters, vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 4359–4363, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. O. Hwang, J. S. Park, D. S. Choi et al., “Workfunction-tunable, N-doped reduced graphene transparent electrodes for high-performance polymer light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 159–167, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nature Photonics, vol. 4, no. 9, pp. 611–622, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. Choi, M.-Y. Choi, W. M. Choi et al., “Fully rollable transparent nanogenerators based on graphene electrodes,” Advanced Materials, vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 2187–2192, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. Wang, M. Lu, X. Wang et al., “Tuning the p-type conductivity of ZnSe nanowires via silver doping for rectifying and photovoltaic device applications,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 1148–1154, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, K. Graham, I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Badikov, and V. Panyutin, “Erbium fiber laser-pumped continuous-wave microchip Cr2+:ZnS and Cr2+: ZnSe lasers,” Optics Letters, vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 909–911, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Y.-C. Zhu and Y. Bando, “Preparation and photoluminescence of single-crystal zinc selenide nanowires,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 377, no. 3-4, pp. 367–370, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. K. Mohseni, A. Behnam, J. D. Wood et al., “InxGa1-xAs nanowire growth on graphene: Van der waals epitaxy induced phase segregation,” Nano Letters, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 1153–1161, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. P. Alper, A. Gutes, C. Carraro, and R. Maboudian, “Semiconductor nanowires directly grown on graphene-towards wafer scale transferable nanowire arrays with improved electrical contact,” Nanoscale, vol. 5, no. 10, pp. 4114–4118, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. Bong, J. Han, J. Lee, S. Kim, and S. Ju, “Fabrication of highly transparent nanowire transistors with one-step-processed graphene gate-source-drain electrodes,” Applied Physics Express, vol. 6, no. 5, Article ID 055103, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. N. Shibata, A. Ohki, S. Zembutsu, and A. Katsui, “Photoluminescence due to lattice-mismatch defects in high-purity ZnSe layers grown by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 2: Letters, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 441–443, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K. Shahzad, “Excitonic transitions in ZnSe epilayers grown on GaAs,” Physical Review B, vol. 38, no. 12, pp. 8309–8312, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. G. Thomas and J. J. Hopfield, “Optical properties of bound exciton complexes in cadmium sulfide,” Physical Review, vol. 128, no. 5, pp. 2135–2148, 1962. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. Ye, X. Fang, Y. Wang, P. Yan, J. Zhao, and L. Zhang, “Structural characterization of long ZnSe nanowires,” Applied Physics A, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 113–115, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. H. Hsiao, S. J. Chang, S. B. Wang et al., “ZnSe nanowire photodetector prepared on oxidized silicon substrate by molecular-beam epitaxy,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 156, no. 4, pp. J73–J76, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Y. Jiang, X.-M. Meng, W.-C. Yiu et al., “Zinc selenide nanoribbons and nanowires,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 108, no. 9, pp. 2784–2787, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Q. Li, X. Gong, C. Wang, J. Wang, K. Ip, and S. Hark, “Size-dependent periodically twinned ZnSe nanowires,” Advanced Materials, vol. 16, no. 16, pp. 1388–1440, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Y. Q. Wang, U. Philipose, T. Xu, H. E. Ruda, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Twinning modulation in ZnSe nanowires,” Semiconductor Science and Technology, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 175–178, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. K. Swank, “Surface properties of II-VI compounds,” Physical Review, vol. 153, no. 3, pp. 844–849, 1967. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. Z.-G. Chen, L. Cheng, H.-Y. Xu et al., “ZnS branched architectures as optoelectronic devices and field emitters,” Advanced Materials, vol. 22, no. 21, pp. 2376–2380, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. Zhao, Q. Pang, Y. Cai et al., “Vertically aligned zinc selenide nanoribbon arrays: microstructure and field emission,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 3587–3591, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. H. Y. Yang, S. P. Lau, S. F. Yu et al., “Field emission from zinc oxide nanoneedles on plastic substrates,” Nanotechnology, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 1300–1303, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. Hofmann, C. Ducati, B. Kleinsorge, and J. Robertson, “Direct growth of aligned carbon nanotube field emitter arrays onto plastic substrates,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 83, no. 22, pp. 4661–4663, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. H. Yamamoto and S. Okamoto, “Efficiency enhancement by aluminum addition to some oxide phosphors for field emission displays,” Displays, vol. 21, no. 2-3, pp. 93–98, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus