Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 240264, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/240264
Research Article

Effects of E-Beam Irradiation on the Chemical, Physical, and Electrochemical Properties of Activated Carbons for Electric Double-Layer Capacitors

Department of Applied Chemistry and Biological Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Republic of Korea

Received 5 March 2015; Accepted 27 March 2015

Academic Editor: Jae-Ho Kim

Copyright © 2015 Min-Jung Jung et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. L. Clough, “High-energy radiation and polymers: a review of commercial processes and emerging applications,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, vol. 185, no. 1–4, pp. 8–33, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. E. H. Lee, “Ion-beam modification of polymeric materials—fundamental principles and applications,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, vol. 151, no. 1–4, pp. 29–41, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. M. Mendes, S. Jacke, K. Critchley et al., “Gold nanoparticle patterning of silicon wafers using chemical e-beam lithography,” Langmuir, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 3766–3768, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. C. Cabeza, L. de la Hoz, R. Velasco, M. I. Cambero, and J. A. Ordóñez, “Safety and quality of ready-to-eat dry fermented sausages subjected to E-beam radiation,” Meat Science, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 320–327, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. M. Hassan, R. O. Aly, J. A. Hasanen, and E. S. F. El Sayed, “The effect of gamma irradiation on mechanical, thermal and morphological properties of glass fiber reinforced polyethylene waste/reclaim rubber composites,” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 947–952, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. Chosdu, N. Hilmy, T. B. Erlinda, and B. Abbas, “Radiation and chemical pretreatment of cellulosic waste,” Radiation Physics and Chemistry, vol. 42, no. 4–6, pp. 695–698, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Y. Jung, M. S. Park, M. I. Kim, and Y. S. Lee, “Novel reforming of pyrolized fuel oil by electron beam radiation for pitch production,” Carbon Letters, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 262–267, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. J. Jung and Y. Lee, “Preparation of pitch from pyrolized fuel oil by electron beam radiation and its melt-electrospinning property,” Carbon Letters, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 129–135, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. D. Teweldebrhan and A. A. Balandin, “Modification of graphene properties due to electron-beam irradiation,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 94, no. 1, Article ID 013101, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. W. Ding, D. A. Dikin, X. Chen et al., “Mechanics of hydrogenated amorphous carbon deposits from electron-beam-induced deposition of a paraffin precursor,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 98, no. 1, Article ID 014905, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Gupta and R. J. Patel, “Changes in the vibrational modes of carbon nanotubes induced by electron-beam irradiation: resonance Raman spectroscopy,” Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 188–199, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. Solá, “Electrical properties of pristine and electron irradiated carbon nanotube yarns at small length scales,” Modern Chemistry & Applications, vol. 2, no. 1, p. 116, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. A. Qiu and D. F. Bahr, “Modification of the mechanical properties of carbon nanotube arrays using electron irradiation induced oxidation,” Meccanica, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 575–583, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Prawer and R. Kalish, “Ion-beam-induced transformation of diamond,” Physical Review B, vol. 51, no. 22, pp. 15711–15722, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Slouf, H. Synkova, J. Baldrian et al., “Structural changes of UHMWPE after e-beam irradiation and thermal treatment,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 240–251, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. H. Kim, Y. J. Noh, S. N. Kwon et al., “Efficient modification of transparent graphene electrodes by electron beam irradiation for organic solar cells,” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. L. E. Cruz-Barba, S. Manolache, and F. Denes, “Novel plasma approach for the synthesis of highly fluorinated thin surface layers,” Langmuir, vol. 18, no. 24, pp. 9393–9400, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. Yuan, S. O. Pehkonen, B. Liang, Y. P. Ting, K. G. Neoh, and E. T. Kang, “Superhydrophobic fluoropolymer-modified copper surface via surface graft polymerisation for corrosion protection,” Corrosion Science, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 2738–2747, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. V. Gelamo, R. Landers, F. P. M. Rouxinol et al., “XPS investigation of plasma-deposited polysiloxane films irradiated with helium ions,” Plasma Processes and Polymers, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 482–488, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Karthikeyan, K. Viswanathan, R. Boopathy, P. Maharaja, and G. Sekaran, “Three dimensional electro catalytic oxidation of aniline by boron doped mesoporous activated carbon,” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 21, pp. 942–950, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. F. Banhart, “Irradiation effects in carbon nanostructures,” Reports on Progress in Physics, vol. 62, no. 8, pp. 1181–1221, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Qiu, Y. Li, Y. Wang, C. Liang, T. Wang, and D. Wang, “A novel form of carbon micro-balls from coal,” Carbon, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 767–772, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Y. Zhang, Y. Tang, L. Lin, and E. Zhang, “Microstructure transformation of carbon nanofibers during graphitization,” Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 1094–1099, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Sreńscek-Nazzal and B. Michalkiewicz, “The simplex optimization for high porous carbons preparation,” Polish Journal of Chemical Technology, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 63–70, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. Li and F. Banhart, “The engineering of hot carbon nanotubes with a focused electron beam,” Nano Letters, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 1143–1146, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. Gupta, R. J. Patel, N. Smith, R. E. Giedd, and D. Hui, “Room temperature dc electrical conductivity studies of electron-beam irradiated carbon nanotubes,” Diamond and Related Materials, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 236–242, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. J. Gregg and K. S. W. Sing, Adsorption Surface Area and Porosity, Academic Press, London, UK, 2nd edition, 1982.
  28. O. Barbieri, M. Hahn, A. Herzog, and R. Kötz, “Capacitance limits of high surface area activated carbons for double layer capacitors,” Carbon, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 1303–1310, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. R. S. Prabaharan, R. Vimala, and Z. Zainal, “Nanostructured mesoporous carbon as electrodes for supercapacitors,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 161, no. 1, pp. 730–736, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Ramani, B. S. Haran, R. E. White, and B. N. Popov, “Synthesis and characterization of hydrous ruthenium oxide-carbon supercapacitors,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 148, no. 4, pp. A374–A380, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. N. G. Tsierkezos, P. Szroeder, and U. Ritter, “Multi-walled carbon nanotubes as electrode materials for electrochemical studies of organometallic compounds in organic solvent media,” Monatshefte für Chemie, vol. 142, no. 3, pp. 233–242, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M.-S. Wu and H.-H. Hsieh, “Nickel oxide/hydroxide nanoplatelets synthesized by chemical precipitation for electrochemical capacitors,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 53, no. 8, pp. 3427–3435, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus