Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 256479, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/256479
Research Article

Classical Behavior of Alumina (Al2O3) Nanofluids in Antifrogen N with Experimental Evidence

1Department of Materials and Nano Physics, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 16440 Kista Stockholm, Sweden
2Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
3Faculty of Science & Technology, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede Twente, Netherlands

Received 13 February 2015; Revised 19 May 2015; Accepted 22 June 2015

Academic Editor: Cristina Flox

Copyright © 2015 M. Saleemi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. K. Das and S. U. S. Choi, “A review of heat transfer in nanofluids,” Advances in Heat Transfer, vol. 41, pp. 81–197, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. N. M. Zubir, A. Badarudin, S. N. Kazi et al., “Experimental investigation on the use of reduced graphene oxide and its hybrid complexes in improving closed conduit turbulent forced convective heat transfer,” Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, vol. 66, pp. 290–303, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. E. Sadeghinezhad, H. Togun, M. Mehrali et al., “An experimental and numerical investigation of heat transfer enhancement for graphene nanoplatelets nanofluids in turbulent flow conditions,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 81, pp. 41–51, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. Paul, T. Pal, and I. Manna, “Thermo-physical property measurement of nano-gold dispersed water based nanofluids prepared by chemical precipitation technique,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 349, no. 1, pp. 434–437, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. A. Eastman, S. U. S. Choi, S. Li, W. Yu, and L. J. Thompson, “Anomalously increased effective thermal conductivities of ethylene glycol-based nanofluids containing copper nanoparticles,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 78, no. 6, pp. 718–720, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. U. S. Choi, Z. G. Zhang, W. Yu, F. E. Lockwood, and E. A. Grulke, “Anomalous thermal conductivity enhancement in nanotube suspensions,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 79, no. 14, pp. 2252–2254, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. Keblinski, S. R. Phillpot, S. U. S. Choi, and J. A. Eastman, “Mechanisms of heat flow in suspensions of nano-sized particles (nanofluids),” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 855–863, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. N. Nikkam, M. Ghanbarpour, M. Saleemi, M. S. Toprak, M. Muhammed, and R. Khodabandeh, “Thermal and rheological properties of micro- and nanofluids of copper in diethylene glycol—as heat exchange liquid,” MRS Proceedings, vol. 1543, pp. 165–170, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  9. N. Nikkam, M. Saleemi, E. B. Haghighi et al., “Fabrication, characterization and thermo-physical property evaluation of SiC nanofluids for heat transfer applications,” Nano-Micro Letters, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 178–189, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. N. Nikkam, E. B. Haghighi, M. Saleemi et al., “Experimental study on preparation and base liquid effect on thermo-physical and heat transport characteristics of α-SiC nanofluids,” International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 55, pp. 38–44, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. N. Nikkam, M. Ghanbarpour, M. Saleemi et al., “Experimental investigation on thermo-physical properties of copper/diethylene glycol nanofluids fabricated via microwave-assisted route,” Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 65, no. 1-2, pp. 158–165, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. E. B. Haghighi, N. Nikkam, M. Saleemi et al., “Shelf stability of nanofluids and its effect on thermal conductivity and viscosity,” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 24, no. 10, Article ID 105301, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. Maschines, “Heat Transfer Fluids,” 49, pp. 1–21, 2013.
  14. V. Sridhara and L. N. Satapathy, “Al2o3-based nanofluids: a review,” Nanoscale Research Letters, vol. 6, article 456, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. B. Haghighi, M. Saleemi, N. Nikkam et al., “Cooling performance of nanofluids in a small diameter tube,” Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, vol. 49, pp. 114–122, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. B. Sahin, G. G. Gültekin, E. Manay, and S. Karagoz, “Experimental investigation of heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics of Al2O3-water nanofluid,” Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, vol. 50, pp. 21–28, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. E. V. Timofeeva, J. L. Routbort, and D. Singh, “Particle shape effects on thermophysical properties of alumina nanofluids,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 106, no. 1, Article ID 014304, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. E. B. Maïga, C. T. Nguyen, N. Galanis, and G. Roy, Hydrodynamic and Thermal Behaviours of a Nanofluid in a Uniformly Heated Tube, Computational Studies, WIT Press, 2004.
  19. S. M. S. Murshed, K. C. Leong, and C. Yang, “Investigations of thermal conductivity and viscosity of nanofluids,” International Journal of Thermal Sciences, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 560–568, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. Xie, J. Wang, T. Xi, Y. Liu, F. Ai, and Q. Wu, “Thermal conductivity enhancement of suspensions containing nanosized alumina particles,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 91, no. 7, pp. 4568–4572, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. B. LotfizadehDehkordi, S. N. Kazi, M. Hamdi, A. Ghadimi, E. Sadeghinezhad, and H. S. C. Metselaar, “Investigation of viscosity and thermal conductivity of alumina nanofluids with addition of SDBS,” Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 1109–1115, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. P. Beck, Y. Yuan, P. Warrier, and A. S. Teja, “The effect of particle size on the thermal conductivity of alumina nanofluids,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 1129–1136, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. P. Beck, Y. Yuan, P. Warrier, and A. S. Teja, “The thermal conductivity of alumina nanofluids in water, ethylene glycol, and ethylene glycol + water mixtures,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1469–1477, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. P. Beck, T. Sun, and A. S. Teja, “The thermal conductivity of alumina nanoparticles dispersed in ethylene glycol,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, vol. 260, no. 2, pp. 275–278, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. Vanapalli and H. J. M. T. Brake, “Assessment of thermal conductivity, viscosity and specific heat of nanofluids in single phase laminar internal forced convection,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 64, pp. 689–693, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. F. P. Incropera and D. P. DeWitt, Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, Wiley, 2000.