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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 316315, 8 pages
Research Article

Graphene Platelets as Morphology Tailoring Additive in Carbon Nanotube Transparent and Flexible Electrodes for Heating Applications

1Institute of Metrology and Biomedical Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Andrzeja Boboli 8, 02-525 Warsaw, Poland
2Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, Wolczynska 133, 01-919 Warsaw, Poland
3AGH University of Science and Technology, Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
4Institute of Physics, Cracow University of Technology, Podchorazych 1, 30-084 Krakow, Poland

Received 5 February 2015; Accepted 4 March 2015

Academic Editor: Sukjoon Hong

Copyright © 2015 Grzegorz Wroblewski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Flexible and transparent electrodes were fabricated with spray coating technique from paints based on multiwalled carbon nanotubes with the addition of graphene platelets. The work presents the influence of graphene platelets on the paints rheology and layers morphology, which has a strong connection to the electrooptical parameters of the electrodes. The paints rheology affects the atomization during spray coating and later the leveling of the coating on the substrate. Both technological aspects shape the morphology of the electrode and the distribution of nanoparticles in the coating. All these factors influence the sheet resistance and roughness, which is linked to the optical transmission and absorbance. In our research the electrode was applied as a transparent and elastic heating element with 68% optical transmission at 550 nm wavelength and 8.4 kΩ/□ sheet resistance. The elastic heating element was tested with a thermal camera at the 3 diverse supply voltages −20, 30, and 60 VDC. The test successfully confirmed and supported our proposed uses of elaborated electrodes.