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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 415238, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/415238
Review Article

Copper: Synthesis Techniques in Nanoscale and Powerful Application as an Antimicrobial Agent

1Escuela Nacional de Estudios Superiores, Unidad León, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Boulevard UNAM No. 2011, Predio el Saucillo y el Potrero, 36969, GTO, Mexico
2Universidad Politécnica de Guanajuato, Avenue Universidad Norte s/n, Juan Alonso, 38438 Cortázar, GTO, Mexico
3Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Calle Jesús Carranza, Esquina Paseo Tollocan, 50130 Colonia Universidad, Toluca, MEX, Mexico

Received 23 July 2015; Revised 1 October 2015; Accepted 4 October 2015

Academic Editor: Jin-Ho Choy

Copyright © 2015 B. A. Camacho-Flores et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Nanosized metal particles show specific physical and chemical properties that allow the creation of new composites materials, which are important for multiple applications in biology and medicine such as infections control. Metal nanoparticles, mainly copper, exhibit excellent inhibitory effect on Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria; therefore the exploration about the efficient, economical, and friendly environmental technics to synthesize inorganic nanoparticles is imperative. In this work a brief overview of the several methods is made including the comparison of the methods, mainly between sonochemical, microwave, and chemical routes. It allows determining the optimal parameters and technical conditions to synthesize copper nanoparticles with physical and chemical properties suitable for the oral bacterial inhibition.