Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 431426, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/431426
Research Article

Fabrication of Robust Superhydrophobic Bamboo Based on ZnO Nanosheet Networks with Improved Water-, UV-, and Fire-Resistant Properties

School of Engineering, Zhejiang Agricultural and Forestry University, Lin’an 311300, China

Received 12 August 2014; Accepted 2 September 2014

Academic Editor: Ivan C. K. Tan

Copyright © 2015 Jingpeng Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Z. Peng, Y. Lu, L. Li et al., “The draft genome of the fast-growing non-timber forest species moso bamboo (Phyllostachys heterocycla),” Nature Genetics, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 456–461, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M.-J. Chung, S.-S. Cheng, C.-J. Lee, and S.-T. Chang, “Novel environmentally-benign methods for green-colour protection of bamboo culms and leaves,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, vol. 96, no. 4, pp. 541–546, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y. Onozawa, M. Chiwa, H. Komatsu, and K. Otsuki, “Rainfall interception in a moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) forest,” Journal of Forest Research, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 111–116, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. X.-Q. Wang and H.-Q. Ren, “Surface deterioration of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) induced by exposure to artificial sunlight,” Journal of Wood Science, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 47–52, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. X. Wang and H. Ren, “Comparative study of the photo-discoloration of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens Mazel) and two wood species,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 254, no. 21, pp. 7029–7034, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K.-C. Hung, Y.-L. Chen, and J.-H. Wu, “Natural weathering properties of acetylated bamboo plastic composites,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, vol. 97, no. 9, pp. 1680–1685, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. K.-T. Lu, “Effects of hydrogen peroxide treatment on the surface properties and adhesion of ma bamboo (Dendrocalamus latiflorus),” Journal of Wood Science, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 173–178, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S.-T. Chang, T.-F. Yeh, and J.-H. Wu, “Mechanisms for the surface colour protection of bamboo treated with chromated phosphate,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 551–557, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Dunlap, “Protection wood from moisture,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1230–1232, 1926. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. Y. Lu, S. Xiao, R. Gao, J. Li, and Q. Sun, “Improved weathering performance and wettability of wood protected by CeO2 coating deposited onto the surface,” Holzforschung, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 345–351, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  11. Q. Sun, H. Yu, Y. Liu, J. Li, Y. Cui, and Y. Lu, “Prolonging the combustion duration of wood by TiO2 coating synthesized using cosolvent-controlled hydrothermal method,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 45, no. 24, pp. 6661–6667, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. R. Loferski, “Technologies for wood preservation in historic preservation,” Archives and Museum Informatics, vol. 13, no. 3-4, pp. 273–290, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Q. Sun, H. Yu, Y. Liu, J. Li, Y. Lu, and J. F. Hunt, “Improvement of water resistance and dimensional stability of wood through titanium dioxide coating,” Holzforschung, vol. 64, no. 6, pp. 757–761, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. L. Wang, X. Zhang, B. Li et al., “Superhydrophobic and ultraviolet-blocking cotton textiles,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 1277–1281, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. O. Starkova, S. Chandrasekaran, L. A. S. A. Prado, F. Tölle, R. Mülhaupt, and K. Schulte, “Hydrothermally resistant thermally reduced graphene oxide and multi-wall carbon nanotube based epoxy nanocomposites,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, vol. 98, no. 2, pp. 519–526, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Y. Yu, Z. Jiang, G. Wang, G. Tian, H. Wang, and Y. Song, “Surface functionalization of bamboo with nanostructured ZnO,” Wood Science and Technology, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 781–790, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. T. Kuwabara, Y. Kawahara, T. Yamaguchi, and K. Takahashi, “Characterization of inverted-type organic solar cells with a ZnO layer as the electron collection electrode by ac impedance spectroscopy,” ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol. 1, no. 10, pp. 2107–2110, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B.-Y. Oh, M.-C. Jeong, T.-H. Moon et al., “Transparent conductive Al-doped ZnO films for liquid crystal displays,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 99, no. 12, Article ID 124505, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. X. Wang, W. Liu, J. Liu et al., “Synthesis of nestlike ZnO hierarchically porous structures and analysis of their gas sensing properties,” ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 817–825, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K. Mukae, K. Tsuda, and I. Nagasawa, “Capacitance-vs-voltage characteristics of ZnO varistors,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 4475–4476, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. B. J. M. Velazquez, S. Baskaran, A. V. Gaikwad et al., “Effective piezoelectric response of substrate-integrated ZnO nanowire array devices on galvanized steel,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 5, no. 21, pp. 10650–10657, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. L. Luo, Y. Zhang, S. S. Mao, and L. Lin, “Fabrication and characterization of ZnO nanowires based UV photodiodes,” Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, vol. 127, no. 2, pp. 201–206, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. O. Lupan, T. Pauporté, B. Viana, I. M. Tiginyanu, V. V. Ursaki, and R. Cortès, “Epitaxial electrodeposition of ZnO nanowire arrays on p-GaN for efficient UV-light-emitting diode fabrication,” ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 2083–2090, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Beyer, F. Weichelt, R. Emmler, R. Flyunt, E. Beyer, and M. R. Buchmeiser, “ZnO-based UV nanocomposites for wood coatings in outdoor applications,” Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, vol. 295, no. 2, pp. 130–136, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. R. Devi and T. K. Maji, “Effect of Nano-ZnO on thermal, mechanical, UV stability, and other physical properties of wood polymer composites,” Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 3870–3880, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. Hegedus, F. Pepe, D. Lindenmuth, and D. Burgard, “Zinc oxide nanoparticle dispersion as unique additives for coatings,” JCT CoatingsTech, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 42–52, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. J. Jung, S. Lee, Y. Yu, S. M. Hong, H. C. Choi, and M. Y. Choi, “Low-temperature hydrothermal growth of ZnO nanorods on sol-gel prepared ZnO seed layers: optimal growth conditions,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 524, pp. 144–150, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. Li, Y. Lu, D. Yang, Q. Sun, Y. Liu, and H. Zhao, “Lignocellulose aerogel from wood-ionic liquid solution (1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride) under freezing and thawing conditions,” Biomacromolecules, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 1860–1867, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Y. Lu, Q. Sun, D. Yang et al., “Fabrication of mesoporous lignocellulose aerogels from wood via cyclic liquid nitrogen freezing-thawing in ionic liquid solution,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 22, no. 27, pp. 13548–13557, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. H. Yang and Y. Deng, “Preparation and physical properties of superhydrophobic papers,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 325, no. 2, pp. 588–593, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. E. Ahmad and A. Luyt, “Effects of organic peroxide and polymer chain structure on morphology and thermal properties of sisal fibre reinforced polyethylene composites,” Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 703–710, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. X. Li, B. Lei, Z. Lin, L. Huang, S. Tan, and X. Cai, “The utilization of bamboo charcoal enhances wood plastic composites with excellent mechanical and thermal properties,” Materials and Design, vol. 53, pp. 419–424, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. H. Essabir, E. Hilali, A. Elgharad et al., “Mechanical and thermal properties of bio-composites based on polypropylene reinforced with Nut-shells of Argan particles,” Materials and Design, vol. 49, pp. 442–448, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. H. Yang, R. Yan, H. Chen, D. H. Lee, and C. Zheng, “Characteristics of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin pyrolysis,” Fuel, vol. 86, no. 12-13, pp. 1781–1788, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. H. Yang, R. Yan, H. Chen, C. Zheng, D. H. Lee, and D. T. Liang, “In-depth investigation of biomass pyrolysis based on three major components: hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 388–393, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. D. Raoufi and T. Raoufi, “The effect of heat treatment on the physical properties of sol-gel derived ZnO thin films,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 255, no. 11, pp. 5812–5817, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J.-H. Lee, K.-H. Ko, and B.-O. Park, “Electrical and optical properties of ZnO transparent conducting films by the sol-gel method,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 247, no. 1-2, pp. 119–125, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus