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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 450526, 8 pages
Research Article

Polymeric Graphitic Carbon Nitride Doped with CuO Dispersed on Dealuminated Clinoptilolite (CuO/HCP): Synthesis and Characterisation

1Department of Chemistry, Vaal University of Technology, Private Bag x021, Vanderbijlpark 1900, South Africa
2Chemistry Department, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag x1314, Alice 5700, South Africa

Received 9 December 2014; Accepted 23 January 2015

Academic Editor: Stefano Bellucci

Copyright © 2015 Saheed Olalekan Sanni and Omoruyi Gold Idemudia. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


CuO dispersed on dealuminated clinoptilolite (CuO/HCP) and further doped with polymeric graphitic carbon nitride (CuO/HCP-g-C3N4) was synthesized through 2 facile routes: precipitation method for CuO/HCP and impregnation through ultrasonication method for the hybrid composite material. The hybrid composite material crystalline phase, surface morphology, and structural and thermal properties were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and thermal analysis. The formation of the hybrid composite material was confirmed by XRD showing crystalline phase of CuO and g-C3N4 present on the surface of dealuminated clinoptilolite (HCP). SEM images analysis depicts no aggregation of the mixed metal oxide semiconductor nanoparticles at the center of HCP. The hybrid composite material, CuO/HCP-g-C3N4, with a good homogeneously dispersed metal oxide conductor having excellent catalytic activities has been synthesized.