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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 509479, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/509479
Research Article

Manganese Dioxide Nanowires of Tunable Dimensions Synthesized via a Facile Hydrothermal Route

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia

Received 25 June 2015; Revised 5 October 2015; Accepted 11 October 2015

Academic Editor: Jae-Min Myoung

Copyright © 2015 Ying Ying Kong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Manganese dioxide (MnO2) nanowires of tunable dimensions were successfully synthesized via the facile water-bathing hydrothermal route. Homogeneous solution mixtures of KMnO4 and MnSO4 of varying compositions were being aged in a thermostated water bath under controlled conditions. The dimensional aspect ratios of MnO2 nanowires formed were readily modulated by varying synthesis parameters such as the initial concentration of chemical precursors, reaction temperature, and aging duration. At fixed initial precursor concentrations, the mean diameter of MnO2 nanowires decreased slightly from 57 nm to 53 nm with increased reaction temperature from 60°C to 90°C. The mean diameter of MnO2 nanowires decreased linearly within the range of 104 nm and 35 nm as the initial concentration of both precursors was increased in turn within the range of 10 mmol and 40 mmol at fixed aging temperature and duration. Upon aging for 2 to 24 hours at 80°C, the mean diameter and length of MnO2 nanowires were observed to vary within the range of 33–55 nm and 0.69–2.68 μm, respectively, which corresponded to the dimensional aspect ratio range of 21 to 49. Henceforth, MnO2 nanowires of tunable dimensions could be synthesized through optimally controlled synthesis parameters.