Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 618492, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/618492
Research Article

A Green and Facile Synthesis of Carbon-Incorporated Co3O4 Nanoparticles and Their Photocatalytic Activity for Hydrogen Evolution

1Key Laboratory of Instrumentation Science and Dynamic Measurement of Ministry of Education, North University of China, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030051, China
2Science and Technology on Electronic Test & Measurement Laboratory, North University of China, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030051, China
3School of Materials Science and Engineering, North University of China, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030051, China

Received 15 June 2014; Revised 9 August 2014; Accepted 10 August 2014

Academic Editor: Shimou Chen

Copyright © 2015 Libo Gao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. X. B. Chen, S. H. Shen, L. J. Guo, and S. S. Mao, “Semiconductor-based photocatalytic hydrogen generation,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 110, no. 11, pp. 6503–6570, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. Abe, “Recent progress on photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical water splitting under visible light irradiation,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 179–209, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Yusuf and F. Jiao, “Effect of the support on the photocatalytic water oxidation activity of cobalt oxide nanoclusters,” ACS Catalysis, vol. 2, no. 12, pp. 2753–2760, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. Zhang, J. Shi, S. S. Mao, and L. Guo, “Co3O4 quantum dots: reverse micelle synthesis and visible-light-driven photocatalytic overall water splitting,” Chemical Communications, vol. 50, no. 16, pp. 2002–2004, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Boumaza, R. Bouarab, M. Trari, and A. Bouguelia, “Hydrogen photo-evolution over the spinel CuCr2O4,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 62–68, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. Chen, M. Long, H. Zeng et al., “Preparation, characterization and visible-light activity of carbon modified TiO2 with two kinds of carbonaceous species,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, vol. 314, no. 1-2, pp. 35–41, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Zhong, F. Chen, and J. Zhang, “Carbon-deposited TiO2: synthesis, characterization, and visible photocatalytic performance,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 114, no. 2, pp. 933–939, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. X. Zhang, Y. Sun, X. Cui, and Z. Jiang, “Carbon-incorporated TiO2 microspheres: facile flame assisted hydrolysis of tetrabutyl orthotitanate and photocatalytic hydrogen production,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 1356–1365, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Y. Kado, R. Hahn, and P. Schmuki, “Surface modification of TiO2 nanotubes by low temperature thermal treatment in C2H2 atmosphere,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 662, no. 1, pp. 25–29, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. Yang, D. Zhao, D. I. Margolese, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Block copolymer templating syntheses of mesoporous metal oxides with large ordering lengths and semicrystalline framework,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 2813–2826, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. V. G. Hadjiev, M. N. Iliev, and I. V. Vergilov, “The Raman spectra of Co3O4,” Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. L199–L201, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Y. Teng, L. X. Song, L. B. Wang, and J. Xia, “Face-raised octahedral Co3O4 nanocrystals and their catalytic activity in the selective oxidation of alcohols,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 118, no. 9, pp. 4767–4773, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C.-S. Kuo, Y.-H. Tseng, C.-H. Huang, and Y.-Y. Li, “Carbon-containing nano-titania prepared by chemical vapor deposition and its visible-light-responsive photocatalytic activity,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, vol. 270, no. 1-2, pp. 93–100, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. W. Ren, Z. Ai, F. Jia, L. Zhang, X. Fan, and Z. Zou, “Low temperature preparation and visible light photocatalytic activity of mesoporous carbon-doped crystalline TiO2,” Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, vol. 69, no. 3-4, pp. 138–144, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. X. Ye, S. Pimanpang, C. Jezewski et al., “Low temperature chemical vapor deposition of Co thin films from Co2(CO)8,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 485, no. 1-2, pp. 95–100, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. G. Kwak, J. Hwang, J.-Y. Cheon et al., “Preparation method of Co3O4 nanoparticles using ordered mesoporous carbons as a template and their application for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 117, no. 4, pp. 1773–1779, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. T. J. Chuang, C. R. Brundle, and D. W. Rice, “Interpretation of the x-ray photoemission spectra of cobalt oxides and cobalt oxide surfaces,” Surface Science, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 413–429, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. L. Gautier, E. Rios, M. Gracia, J. F. Marco, and J. R. Gancedo, “Characterisation by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of thin MnxCo3-xO4(1 ≥ x ≥ 0) spinel films prepared by low-temperature spray pyrolysis,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 311, no. 1-2, pp. 51–57, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. Kato and A. Kudo, “Highly efficient decomposition of pure water into H2 and O2 over NaTaO3 photocatalysts,” Catalysis Letters, vol. 58, no. 2-3, pp. 153–155, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Farhadi, K. Pourzare, and S. Sadeghinejad, “Simple preparation of ferromagnetic Co3O4 nanoparticles by thermal dissociation of the [CoII(NH3)6](NO3)2 complex at low temperature,” Journal of Nanostructure in Chemistry, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  21. C. Lettmann, K. Hildenbrand, H. Kisch, W. Macyk, and W. F. Maier, “Visible light photodegradation of 4-chlorophenol with a coke-containing titanium dioxide photocatalyst,” Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 215–227, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. Kudo and Y. Miseki, “Heterogeneous photocatalyst materials for water splitting,” Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 253–278, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus