Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 697596, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/697596
Research Article

Effect of Nanostructure on Thermal Conductivity of Nanofluids

Department of Chemical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA

Received 26 May 2015; Revised 5 August 2015; Accepted 24 August 2015

Academic Editor: Wei Chen

Copyright © 2015 Saba Lotfizadeh and Themis Matsoukas. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. W. M. Haynes, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2013.
  2. R. Taylor, S. Coulombe, T. Otanicar et al., “Small particles, big impacts: a review of the diverse applications of nanofluids,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, no. 1, Article ID 011301, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. K. Das, S. U. S. Choi, and H. E. Patel, “Heat transfer in nanofluids—a review,” Heat Transfer Engineering, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 3–19, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B.-X. Wang, L.-P. Zhou, and X.-F. Peng, “A fractal model for predicting the effective thermal conductivity of liquid with suspension of nanoparticles,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 46, no. 14, pp. 2665–2672, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. Prasher, P. Bhattacharya, and P. E. Phelan, “Thermal conductivity of nanoscale colloidal solutions (nanofluids),” Physical Review Letters, vol. 94, no. 2, Article ID 025901, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. P. Keblinski, R. Prasher, and J. Eapen, “Thermal conductance of nanofluids: is the controversy over?” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 1089–1097, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Eapen, R. Rusconi, R. Piazza, and S. Yip, “The classical nature of thermal conduction in nanofluids,” Journal of Heat Transfer, vol. 132, no. 10, Article ID 102402, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Lotfizadeh, T. Desai, and T. Matsoukas, “The thermal conductivity of clustered nanocolloids,” APL Materials, vol. 2, no. 6, Article ID 066102, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. K. Maxwell, Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, vol. 2, Dover, 1954.
  10. S. Lotfizadeh and T. Matsoukas, “A continuum maxwell theory for the thermal conductivity of clustered nanocolloids,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, vol. 17, no. 6, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  11. R. Prasher, W. Evans, P. Meakin, J. Fish, P. Phelan, and P. Keblinski, “Effect of aggregation on thermal conduction in colloidal nanofluids,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 89, no. 14, Article ID 143119, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Eapen, J. Li, and S. Yip, “Beyond the Maxwell limit: thermal conduction in nanofluids with percolating fluid structures,” Physical Review E, vol. 76, no. 6, Article ID 062501, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. J. Eapen, W. C. Williams, J. Buongiorno et al., “Mean-field versus microconvection effects in nanofluid thermal conduction,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 99, no. 9, Article ID 095901, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. D. Van Siclen, “Walker diffusion method for calculation of transport properties of composite materials,” Physical Review E, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 2804–2807, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. W. Evans, R. Prasher, J. Fish, P. Meakin, P. Phelan, and P. Keblinski, “Effect of aggregation and interfacial thermal resistance on thermal conductivity of nanocomposites and colloidal nanofluids,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 51, no. 5-6, pp. 1431–1438, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. C. Hong, H. E. Stanley, A. Coniglio, and A. Bunde, “Random-walk approach to the two-component random-conductor mixture: perturbing away from the perfect random resistor network and random superconducting-network limits,” Physical Review B, vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 4564–4573, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. Shoshany, D. Prialnik, and M. Podolak, “Monte Carlo modeling of the thermal conductivity of porous cometary ice,” Icarus, vol. 157, no. 1, pp. 219–227, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. I. V. Belova and G. E. Murch, “Calculation of the effective conductivity and diffusivity in composite solid electrolytes,” Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, vol. 66, no. 5, pp. 722–728, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. Fiedler, A. Öchsner, N. Muthubandara, I. V. Belova, and G. E. Murch, “Calculation of the effective thermal conductivity in composites using finite element and Monte Carlo methods,” Materials Science Forum, vol. 553, pp. 51–56, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Lotfizadeh and T. Matsoukas, “Colloidal thermal fluids,” in Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science, Taylor & Francis, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  21. I. Belova and G. Murch, “Monte Carlo simulation of the effective thermal conductivity in two-phase material,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 153-154, pp. 741–745, 2004, Proceedings of the International Conference in Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies. View at Google Scholar
  22. H. Xie, H. Lee, W. Youn, and M. Choi, “Nanofluids containing multiwalled carbon nanotubes and their enhanced thermal conductivities,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 94, no. 8, pp. 4967–4971, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. J. Assael, C.-F. Chen, I. Metaxa, and W. A. Wakeham, “Thermal conductivity of suspensions of carbon nanotubes in water,” International Journal of Thermophysics, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 971–985, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. Wen and Y. Ding, “Effective thermal conductivity of aqueous suspensions of carbon nanotubes (carbon nanotube nanofluids),” Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 481–485, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M.-S. Liu, M. Ching-Cheng Lin, I.-T. Huang, and C.-C. Wang, “Enhancement of thermal conductivity with carbon nanotube for nanofluids,” International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 1202–1210, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. J. Assael, I. N. Metaxa, J. Arvanitidis, D. Christofilos, and C. Lioutas, “Thermal conductivity enhancement in aqueous suspensions of carbon multi-walled and double-walled nanotubes in the presence of two different dispersants,” International Journal of Thermophysics, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 647–664, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. Kumar, J. Y. Murthy, and M. A. Alam, “Percolating conduction in finite nanotube networks,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 95, no. 6, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. B. Yang and Z. H. Han, “Temperature-dependent thermal conductivity of nanorod-based nanofluids,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 89, no. 8, Article ID 083111, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Y. Yang, E. A. Grulke, Z. G. Zhang, and G. Wu, “Thermal and rheological properties of carbon nanotube-in-oil dispersions,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 99, no. 11, Article ID 114307, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. X. Zhang, H. Gu, and M. Fujii, “Effective thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of nanofluids containing spherical and cylindrical nanoparticles,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 100, no. 4, Article ID 044325, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. Jana, A. Salehi-Khojin, and W.-H. Zhong, “Enhancement of fluid thermal conductivity by the addition of single and hybrid nano-additives,” Thermochimica Acta, vol. 462, no. 1-2, pp. 45–55, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. L. Chen, H. Xie, Y. Li, and W. Yu, “Nanofluids containing carbon nanotubes treated by mechanochemical reaction,” Thermochimica Acta, vol. 477, no. 1-2, pp. 21–24, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. R. Zheng, J. Gao, J. Wang et al., “Thermal percolation in stable graphite suspensions,” Nano Letters, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 188–192, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. R. L. Hamilton and O. K. Crosser, “Thermal conductivity of heterogeneous two-component systems,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Fundamentals, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 187–191, 1962. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. H. Fricke, “A mathematical treatment of the electric conductivity and capacity of disperse systems I. The electric conductivity of a suspension of homogeneous spheroids,” Physical Review, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 575–587, 1924. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. Y. Ofir, B. Samanta, and V. M. Rotello, “Polymer and biopolymer mediated self-assembly of gold nanoparticles,” Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 37, no. 9, pp. 1814–1825, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. Grzelczak, J. Vermant, E. M. Furst, and L. M. Liz-Marzán, “Directed self-assembly of nanoparticles,” ACS Nano, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 3591–3605, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus