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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 784836, 13 pages
Research Article

Controlling Surface-Induced Nanocomposites by Lipoplexes for Enhanced Gene Transfer

1Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, P.O. Box 351750, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
2Elsa Biologics, LLC, P.O. Box 25725, Seattle, WA 98165, USA

Received 10 September 2015; Accepted 25 October 2015

Academic Editor: Antonio Villaverde

Copyright © 2015 Bingbing Sun and Hong Shen. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Surface-induced biomineralization represents a flexible approach to immobilizing DNA onto biomaterial surfaces for surface-mediated DNA delivery. Immobilized naked DNA is uniformly embedded in thin films of nanocomposites, which limits the internalization of DNA to some cell types, such as neuronal cells. In this study, DNA molecules were initially complexed with liposomes to form lipoplexes. Subsequently, these lipoplexes were immobilized onto a cell culture compatible surface through surface-induced biomineralization. Under all the conditions we examined, lipoplexes were efficiently immobilized onto the surface and formed lipoplex-nanocomposites. We have shown that the size of liposomes and the composition of mineralizing solutions have significant effects on the morphology and topology of nanocomposites and thus the organization and the intracellular levels of DNA. The transgene expression mediated by lipoplex-nanocomposites was greatly enhanced in neuronal cells compared to the immobilized naked DNA.