Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 905083, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/905083
Research Article

Synthesis of Inorganic Nanocomposites by Selective Introduction of Metal Complexes into a Self-Assembled Block Copolymer Template

Toyota Central R&D Laboratories, Inc., 41-1 Yokomichi, Nagakute, Aichi 480-1192, Japan

Received 17 November 2014; Revised 20 March 2015; Accepted 20 March 2015

Academic Editor: Wei-Chun Chen

Copyright © 2015 Hiroaki Wakayama and Hirotaka Yonekura. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. J. Snyder and E. S. Toberer, “Complex thermoelectric materials,” Nature Materials, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 105–114, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Chen, M. Y. Tang et al., “New directions for low-dimensional thermoelectric materials,” Advanced Materials, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 1043–1053, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y. Q. Cao, X. B. Zhao, T. J. Zhu, X. B. Zhang, and J. P. Tu, “Syntheses and thermoelectric properties of Bi2Te3/Sb2Te3 bulk nanocomposites with laminated nanostructure,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 92, Article ID 143106, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. H. Liu, H. Y. Miao, S. Lakshmanan, L.-C. Wang, and R.-H. Tsai, “Fabrication of metal alloy-deposited flexible MWCNT buckypaper for thermoelectric applications,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2013, Article ID 635647, 6 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. Slobodian, P. Riha, R. Olejnik, M. Kovar, and P. Svoboda, “Thermoelectric properties of carbon nanotube and nanofiber based ethylene-octene copolymer composites for thermoelectric devices,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2013, Article ID 792875, 7 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Y. J. Wang, J. C. Liu, L. Liu, and D. D. Sun, “Enhancing stability and photocatalytic activity of ZnO nanoparticles by surface modification of graphene oxide,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 3896–3902, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. Yu, B. Bo, and H. Yunhua, “Fabrication of TiO2@yeast-carbon hybrid composites with the raspberry-like structure and their synergistic adsorption-photocatalysis performance,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2013, Article ID 851417, 8 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. Zhang, J. Yan, M. Zhou, and Y. Liu, “Preparation, characterization, and enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution activity of Y2Cu2O5-based compounds under simulated sunlight irradiation,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2013, Article ID 852139, 8 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. Woan, G. Pyrgiotakis, and W. Sigmund, “Photocatalytic carbon-nanotube-TiO2 composites,” Advanced Materials, vol. 21, no. 21, pp. 2233–2239, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Zhang, X. Lv, Y. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Li, “P25-graphene composite as a high performance photocatalyst,” ACS Nano, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 380–386, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Vepřek, “The search for novel, superhard materials,” Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 2401–2420, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. E. W. Wong, P. E. Sheehan, and C. M. Lieber, “Nanobeam mechanics: elasticity, strength, and toughness of nanorods and nanotubes,” Science, vol. 277, no. 5334, pp. 1971–1975, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. E. Hernández, C. Goze, P. Bernier, and A. Rubio, “Elastic properties of C and BxCyNz composite nanotubes,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 80, no. 20, pp. 4502–4505, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. B. Elshalakany, T. A. Osman, A. Khattab, B. Azzam, and M. Zaki, “Microstructure and mechanical properties of MWCNTs reinforced A356 aluminum alloys cast nanocomposites fabricated by using a combination of rheocasting and squeeze casting techniques,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2014, Article ID 386370, 14 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Huang, Z. Huang, S. Zhang, M. Fang, and Y. Liu, “Si3N4-SiCp composites reinforced by in situ co-catalyzed generated Si3N4 nanofibers,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2014, Article ID 752378, 6 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. F. Wang, L. F. Zhang, P. Huang, J. Y. Xie, T. J. Lu, and K. W. Xu, “Microstructure and flow stress of nanoscale Cu/Nb multilayers,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2013, Article ID 912548, 8 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. Guerret-Piécourt, Y. le Bouar, A. Loiseau, and H. Pascard, “Relation between metal electronic structure and morphology of metal compounds inside carbon nanotubes,” Nature, vol. 372, no. 6508, pp. 761–765, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S.-Y. Chang, L. Liu, and S. A. Asher, “Preparation and properties of tailored morphology, monodisperse colloidal silica-cadmium sulfide nanocomposites,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 116, no. 15, pp. 6739–6744, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. Matsubara and T. Tatsuma, “Morphological changes and multicolor photochromism of Ag nanoparticles deposited on single-crystalline TiO2 surfaces,” Advanced Materials, vol. 19, no. 19, pp. 2802–2806, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. V. Ovchinnikov and A. Shevchenko, “Morphology and surface plasmon resonances of silver anocomposite layer-by-layer films,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 3872–3876, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. Das, S. K. Panda, P. Nandi, S. Chaudhuri, A. Pandey, and R. Ranganathan, “Silica encapsulated ni nanoparticles: variation of optical and magnetic properties with particle size,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 4447–4455, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. V. Subramanian, E. E. Wolf, and P. V. Kamat, “Catalysis with TiO2/gold nanocomposites. effect of metal particle size on the fermi level equilibration,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 126, no. 15, pp. 4943–4950, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. Yamamoto, T. Imaoka, W. J. Chun et al., “Size-specific catalytic activity of platinum clusters enhances oxygen reduction reactions,” Nature Chemistry, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 397–402, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Y. Qiu, K. Yan, S. Yang, L. Jin, H. Deng, and W. Li, “Synthesis of size-tunable anatase TiO2 nanospindles and their assembly into Anatase@Titanium oxynitride/titanium nitride-graphene nanocomposites for rechargeable lithium ion batteries with high cycling performance,” ACS Nano, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 6515–6526, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. G. Ramírez, D. Oezer, M. Rivera, S. E. Rodil, and R. Sanjinés, “TaSiN nanocomposite thin films: correlation between structure, chemical composition, and physical properties,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 558, pp. 104–111, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. H. Kim, N. M. Aimon, X. Sun, and C. A. Ross, “Compositionally modulated magnetic epitaxial spinel/perovskite nanocomposite thin films,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 24, no. 16, pp. 2334–2342, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. Y. Xiao, Y. Cao, Y. Gong et al., “Electrolyte and composition effects on the performances of asymmetric supercapacitors constructed with Mn3O4 nanoparticles-graphene nanocomposites,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 246, pp. 926–933, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. D. K. Yi, S. S. Lee, G. C. Papaefthymiou, and J. Y. Ying, “Nanoparticle architectures templated by SiO2/Fe2O3 nanocomposites,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 614–619, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. Wu, J. Zhu, and Z. Xu, “Template-assisted synthesis of mesoporous magnetic nanocomposite particles,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 345–351, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. Q. Jiang, Z. Y. Wu, Y. M. Wang, Y. Cao, C. F. Zhou, and J. H. Zhu, “Fabrication of photoluminescent ZnO/SBA-15 through directly dispersing zinc nitrate into the as-prepared mesoporous silica occluded with template,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 16, no. 16, pp. 1536–1542, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. Wang, S. J. Sollenberger, Y. Yuan, T. J. Yosenick, and J. H. Adair, “Silica encapsulated CdS tabular nanocomposites via a template directed agglomeration mechanism,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 5878–5886, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. R. A. Pai, R. Humayun, M. T. Schulberg, A. Sengupta, J.-N. Sun, and J. J. Watkins, “Mesoporous silicates prepared using preorganized templates in supercritical fluids,” Science, vol. 303, no. 5657, pp. 507–510, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. P. Yang, D. Zhao, D. I. Margolese, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Block copolymer templating syntheses of mesoporous metal oxides with large ordering lengths and semicrystalline framework,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 2813–2826, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. S. C. Warren, L. C. Messina, L. S. Slaughter et al., “Ordered mesoporous materials from metal nanoparticle-block copolymer self-assembly,” Science, vol. 320, no. 5884, pp. 1748–1752, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. M. Templin, A. Franck, A. Du Chesne et al., “Organically modified aluminosilicate mesostructures from block copolymer phases,” Science, vol. 278, no. 5344, pp. 1795–1798, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. C. B. W. Garcia, Y. M. Zhang, S. Mahajan, F. DiSalvo, and U. Wiesner, “Self-assembly approach toward magnetic silica-type nanoparticles of different shapes from reverse block copolymer mesophases,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 125, no. 44, pp. 13310–13311, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. B. K. Kuila, M. S. Rama, and M. Stamm, “Supramolecular assembly of poly(styrene)-b-poly(4-vinylpyridine) and ferroceneacetic acid: an easy way to large-scale controllable periodic arrays of iron oxide nanomaterials,” Advanced Materials, vol. 23, no. 15, pp. 1797–1800, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. A. Chen, M. Komura, K. Kamata, and T. Iyoda, “Highly ordered arrays of mesoporous silica nanorods with tunable aspect ratios from block copolymer thin films,” Advanced Materials, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 763–767, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. B. H. Sohn, J. M. Choi, S. I. Yoo et al., “Directed self-assembly of two kinds of nanoparticles utilizing monolayer films of diblock copolymer micelles,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 125, no. 21, pp. 6368–6369, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. H. Wakayama, H. Yonekura, and Y. Kawai, “Three-dimensional periodically ordered nanohetero metallic materials from self-assembled block copolymer composites,” ACS Macro Letters, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 284–287, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. H. Wakayama, H. Yonekura, and M. Harada, “Effects of metal loading and magnetic field strength on alignment of noncrystalline block copolymers doped with metal complexes,” Journal of Polymer Research, vol. 21, p. 488, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. J. C. Meiners, A. Quintel-Ritzi, J. Mlynek, H. Elbs, and G. Krausch, “Adsorption of block-copolymer micelles from a selective solvent,” Macromolecules, vol. 30, no. 17, pp. 4945–4951, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. M. Haruki, K. Kishimoto, F. Kobayashi, S.-I. Kihara, and S. Takishima, “A new correlation and prediction method for the solubility of metal complexes in supercritical carbon dioxide using regular solution theory with the COSMO-RS method,” Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 309–318, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. M. Haruki, F. Kobayashi, K. Kishimoto, S. I. Kihara, and S. Takishima, “Measurement of the solubility of metal complexes in supercritical carbon dioxide using a UV-vis spectrometer,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, vol. 280, no. 1-2, pp. 49–55, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus