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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 954747, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/954747
Research Article

High Performance Indium-Doped ZnO Gas Sensor

1School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
2Key Laboratory of New Energy Materials and Technologies, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China

Received 3 November 2014; Accepted 23 December 2014

Academic Editor: Antonios Kelarakis

Copyright © 2015 Junjie Qi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Gas sensors for ethanol and acetone based on ZnO nanobelts with doping element indium were fabricated. Excellent sensitivity accompanied with short response time (10 s) and recovery time (23 s) to 150 ppm ethanol is obtained. For In-doped sensors, a minimum concentration of 37.5 ppm at 275°C in acetone was observed with an average sensitivity of 714.4, which is 7 times larger than that of the pure sensors and much larger than that reported response (16) of Co-doped ZnO nanofibers to acetone. These results indicate that doping elements can improve gas sensitivity, which is associated with oxygen space and valence ions. In-doped ZnO nanobelts exhibit higher sensitivity to acetone than that to ethanol. These results indicate that doped ZnO nanobelts can successfully distinguish acetone and ethanol, which can be put into various practical applications.