Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2016, Article ID 3623547, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3623547
Research Article

Electrodeposition-Based Fabrication and Characteristics of Tungsten Trioxide Thin Film

1Department of Industrial Education, National Taiwan Normal University, No. 162, Section 1, He-ping E. Road, Da-an District, Taipei City 10610, Taiwan
2Department of Mechatronic Engineering, National Taiwan Normal University, No. 162, Section 1, He-ping E. Road, Da-an District, Taipei City 10610, Taiwan

Received 28 November 2015; Revised 18 February 2016; Accepted 29 March 2016

Academic Editor: Zainovia Lockman

Copyright © 2016 Li Lin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Deepa, A. K. Srivastava, T. K. Saxena, and S. A. Agnihotry, “Annealing induced microstructural evolution of electrodeposited electrochromic tungsten oxide films,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 252, no. 5, pp. 1568–1580, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Deepa, A. K. Srivastava, S. Lauterbach, Govind, S. M. Shivaprasad, and K. N. Sood, “Electro-optical response of tungsten oxide thin film nanostructures processed by a template-assisted electrodeposition route,” Acta Materialia, vol. 55, no. 18, pp. 6095–6107, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Deepa, A. K. Srivastava, S. N. Sharma, Govind, and S. M. Shivaprasad, “Microstructural and electrochromic properties of tungsten oxide thin films produced by surfactant mediated electrodeposition,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 254, no. 8, pp. 2342–2352, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. K. A. Gesheva, T. M. Ivanova, and G. Bodurov, “Transition metal oxide films: technology and Smart Windows electrochromic device performance,” Progress in Organic Coatings, vol. 74, no. 4, pp. 635–639, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C.-K. Wang, C.-K. Lin, C.-L. Wu, S. Brahma, S.-C. Wang, and J.-L. Huang, “Characterization of electrochromic tungsten oxide film from electrochemical anodized RF-sputtered tungsten films,” Ceramics International, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 4293–4298, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Ö. Tuna, A. Sezgin, R. Budakoğlu, S. Türküz, and H. Parlar, “Electrochromic properties of tungsten trioxide (WO3) layers grown on ITO/glass substrates by magnetron sputtering,” Vacuum B, vol. 120, pp. 28–31, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. G. Gorgolis and D. Karamanis, “Solar energy materials for glazing technologies,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 144, pp. 559–578, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. Georgieva, E. Valova, S. Armyanov, N. Philippidis, I. Poulios, and S. Sotiropoulos, “Bi-component semiconductor oxide photoanodes for the photoelectrocatalytic oxidation of organic solutes and vapours: a short review with emphasis to TiO2–WO3 photoanodes,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 211-212, pp. 30–46, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. S. Thind, K. Rozic, F. Amano, and A. Chen, “Fabrication and photoelectrochemical study of WO3-based bifunctional electrodes for environmental applications,” Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, vol. 176-177, pp. 464–471, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Ghosh, S. S. Acharyya, R. Singh, P. Gupta, and R. Bal, “Fabrication of Ag/WO3 nanobars for Baeyer-Villiger oxidation using hydrogen peroxide,” Catalysis Communications, vol. 72, pp. 33–37, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. X. Wang, L. Pang, X. Hu, and N. Han, “Fabrication of ion doped WO3 photocatalysts through bulk and surface doping,” Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 35, pp. 76–82, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Ashraf, C. S. Blackman, R. G. Palgrave, and I. P. Parkin, “Aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition of WO3 thin films using polyoxometallate precursors and their gas sensing properties,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 1063–1070, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. Wetchakun, T. Samerjai, N. Tamaekong et al., “Semiconducting metal oxides as sensors for environmentally hazardous gases,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 160, no. 1, pp. 580–591, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Y. Li, Z. X. Cai, J. C. Ding, and X. Guo, “Gigantically enhanced NO sensing properties of WO3/SnO2 double layer sensors with Pd decoration,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 220, pp. 398–405, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. J. Ollitrault, N. Martin, J.-Y. Rauch, J.-B. Sanchez, and F. Berger, “Improvement of ozone detection with GLAD WO3 films,” Materials Letters, vol. 155, pp. 1–3, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. F. Li, C. Li, L. Zhu et al., “Enhanced toluene sensing performance of gold-functionalized WO3·H2O nanosheets,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 223, pp. 761–767, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. W.-J. Li and Z.-W. Fu, “Nanostructured WO3 thin film as a new anode material for lithium-ion batteries,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 256, no. 8, pp. 2447–2452, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. L. Gao, X. Wang, Z. Xie et al., “High performance energy-storage devices based on WO3 nanowire arrays/carbon cloth integrated electrodes,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 1, no. 24, pp. 7167–7173, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. L. Gao, F. Qu, and X. Wu, “Hierarchical WO3@SnO2 core–shell nanowire arrays on carbon cloth: a new class of anode for high-performance lithium-ion batteries,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 2, no. 20, pp. 7367–7372, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. K. Park, H. J. Lee, M. H. Lee, and H. S. Park, “Hierarchically structured reduced graphene oxide/WO3 frameworks for an application into lithium ion battery anodes,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 281, pp. 724–729, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. O. D. Greenwood, S. C. Moulzolf, P. J. Blau, and R. J. Lad, “The influence of microstructure on tribological properties of WO3 thin films,” Wear, vol. 232, no. 1, pp. 84–90, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. P. Harlin, P. Carlsson, U. Bexell, and M. Olsson, “Influence of surface roughness of PVD coatings on tribological performance in sliding contacts,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 201, no. 7, pp. 4253–4259, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. V. Totolin, M. Rodríguez Ripoll, M. Jech, and B. Podgornik, “Enhanced tribological performance of tungsten carbide functionalized surfaces via in-situ formation of low-friction tribofilms,” Tribology International, vol. 94, pp. 269–278, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Ashraf, C. S. Blackman, S. C. Naisbitt, and I. P. Parkin, “The gas-sensing properties of WO3-x thin films deposited via the atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition (APCVD) of WCl6 with ethanol,” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 19, no. 2, Article ID 025203, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. E. A. Meulenkamp, “Mechanism of WO3 electrodeposition from peroxy-tungstate solution,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 144, no. 5, pp. 1664–1671, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Y. O. Kim, S. Yu, K. Ahn, S. K. Lee, and S. H. Kang, “Enhancing the photoresponse of electrodeposited WO3 film: structure and thickness effect,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 752, pp. 25–32, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. A. J. More, R. S. Patil, D. S. Dalavi et al., “Electrodeposition of nano-granular tungsten oxide thin films for smart window application,” Materials Letters, vol. 134, pp. 298–301, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. P. S. S. Hembram, R. Thomas, and G. M. Rao, “Microstructural evolution of tungsten oxide thin films,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 256, no. 2, pp. 419–422, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Y. Fang, W. C. Lee, G. E. Canciani et al., “Thickness control in electrophoretic deposition of WO3 nanofiber thin films for solar water splitting,” Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology, vol. 202, Article ID 13793, pp. 39–45, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus