Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2016, Article ID 4840301, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4840301
Research Article

Synthesis of Highly Reduced Graphene Oxide for Supercapacitor

1Institute of Energy and Fuel, Xinxiang University, Xinxiang, Henan 453003, China
2School of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430073, China

Received 7 June 2016; Revised 2 October 2016; Accepted 24 October 2016

Academic Editor: Giuseppe Compagnini

Copyright © 2016 Chubei Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P.-H. Ho, Y.-T. Liou, C.-H. Chuang et al., “Self-crack-filled graphene films by metallic nanoparticles for high-performance graphene heterojunction solar cells,” Advanced Materials, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 1724–1729, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. D. Geng, H. Wang, and G. Yu, “Graphene single crystals: size and morphology engineering,” Advanced Materials, vol. 27, no. 18, pp. 2821–2837, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nature Materials, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 183–191, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. Park and R. S. Ruoff, “Chemical methods for the production of graphenes,” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 217–224, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Y. Zhu, S. Murali, M. D. Stoller et al., “Carbon-based supercapacitors produced by activation of graphene,” Science, vol. 332, no. 6037, pp. 1537–1541, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Z. Sun, Z. Yan, J. Yao, E. Beitler, Y. Zhu, and J. M. Tour, “Growth of graphene from solid carbon sources,” Nature, vol. 468, no. 7323, pp. 549–552, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. Avouris and C. Dimitrakopoulos, “Graphene: synthesis and applications,” Materials Today, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 86–97, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. Kuila, A. K. Mishra, P. Khanra, N. H. Kim, M. E. Uddin, and J. H. Lee, “Facile method for the preparation of water dispersible graphene using sulfonated poly(ether-ether-ketone) and its application as energy storage materials,” Langmuir, vol. 28, no. 25, pp. 9825–9833, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T. Kuila, S. Bose, A. K. Mishra, P. Khanra, N. H. Kim, and J. H. Lee, “Chemical functionalization of graphene and its applications,” Progress in Materials Science, vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 1061–1105, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Stankovich, D. A. Dikin, G. H. B. Dommett et al., “Graphene-based composite materials,” Nature, vol. 442, no. 7100, pp. 282–286, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. T. Mcgrail, B. J. Rodier, and E. Pentzer, “Rapid functionalization of graphene oxide in water,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 26, no. 19, pp. 5806–5811, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. Guo, M. Creighton, Y. Chen, R. Hurt, and I. Külaots, “Porous structures in stacked, crumpled and pillared graphene-based 3D materials,” Carbon, vol. 66, pp. 476–484, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Wang, J. Zhou, J. Ni, Y. Cheng, and H. Li, “Design and synthesis of pyrophosphate acid/graphene composites with wide stacked pores for methylene blue removal,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 253, pp. 130–137, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. J. Stevenson, P. A. Veneman, R. I. Gearba et al., “Controlled covalent modification of epitaxial single layer graphene on 6H-SiC (0001) with aryliodonium salts using electrochemical methods,” Faraday Discussions, vol. 172, pp. 273–291, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Y. Gu, H. Wu, Z. Xiong, W. Al Abdulla, and X. S. Zhao, “The electrocapacitive properties of hierarchical porous reduced graphene oxide templated by hydrophobic CaCO3 spheres,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 451–459, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. J. Yoo, J. Kim, E. Hosono, H.-S. Zhou, T. Kudo, and I. Honma, “Large reversible Li storage of graphene nanosheet families for use in rechargeable lithium ion batteries,” Nano Letters, vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 2277–2282, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. B. Wang, J. Ni, J. W. Zhou, J. L. Wen, and X. B. Lü, “Strategically designed porous polysilicate acid/graphene composites with wide pore size for methylene blue removal,” RSC Advances, vol. 3, no. 45, pp. 23139–23145, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. C. Ferrari, J. C. Meyer, V. Scardaci et al., “Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 97, no. 18, pp. 13831–13840, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Y. Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, T. Yu et al., “Raman studies of monolayer graphene: the substrate effect,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 29, pp. 10637–10640, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. Z. H. Ni, H. M. Wang, Y. Ma, J. Kasim, Y. H. Wu, and Z. X. Shen, “Tunable stress and controlled thickness modification in graphene by annealing,” ACS Nano, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 1033–1039, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. C. Elias, R. R. Nair, T. M. G. Mohiuddin et al., “Control of graphene's properties by reversible hydrogenation: evidence for graphane,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5914, pp. 610–613, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. B. Wang, J. W. Zhou, and L. L. Chu, “Chlorine-functionalized reduced graphene oxide for methylene blue removal,” RSC Advances, vol. 5, no. 65, pp. 52466–52472, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. H. Roghani-Mamaqani, V. Haddadi-Asl, K. Khezri, and M. Salami-Kalajahi, “Edge-functionalized graphene nanoplatelets with polystyrene by atom transfer radical polymerization: grafting through carboxyl groups,” Polymer International, vol. 63, no. 11, pp. 1912–1923, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. W. B. Wan, L. L. Li, Z. B. Zhao et al., “Graphene oxide: ultrafast fabrication of covalently cross-linked multifunctional,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 24, no. 31, pp. 4915–4921, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. K. Spyrou, G. Potsi, E. K. Diamanti et al., “Towards novel multifunctional pillared nanostructures: effective intercalation of adamantylamine in graphene oxide and smectite clays,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 24, no. 37, pp. 5841–5850, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. Y. X. Xu, K. X. Sheng, C. Li, and G. Q. Shi, “Self-assembled graphene hydrogel via a one-step hydrothermal process,” ACS Nano, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 4324–4330, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. W. T. Deng, X. B. Ji, M. Gómez-Mingot, F. Lu, Q. Y. Chen, and C. E. Banks, “Graphene electrochemical supercapacitors: the influence of oxygen functional groups,” Chemical Communications, vol. 48, no. 22, pp. 2770–2772, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. H. Tateishi, M. Koinuma, S. Miyamoto et al., “Effect of the electrochemical oxidation/reduction cycle on the electrochemical capacitance of graphite oxide,” Carbon, vol. 76, no. 9, pp. 40–45, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Y. J. Oh, J. J. Yoo, Y. I. Kim et al., “Oxygen functional groups and electrochemical capacitive behavior of incompletely reduced graphene oxides as a thin-film electrode of supercapacitor,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 116, no. 2, pp. 118–128, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. F.-P. Du, J.-J. Wang, C.-Y. Tang et al., “Water-soluble graphene grafted by poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) for enhancement of electric capacitance,” Nanotechnology, vol. 23, no. 47, Article ID 475704, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. Z. Bo, W. G. Zhu, X. Tu et al., “Instantaneous reduction of graphene oxide paper for supercapacitor electrodes with unimpeded liquid permeation,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 118, no. 25, pp. 13493–13502, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. H. W. Chang, Y. R. Lu, J. L. Chen et al., “Electrochemically activated reduced graphene oxide used as solid-state symmetric supercapacitor: an X-ray absorption spectroscopic investigation,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 120, no. 39, pp. 22134–22141, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar