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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2016, Article ID 5386924, 9 pages
Review Article

The Needs of Current Implant Technology in Orthopaedic Prosthesis Biomaterials Application to Reduce Prosthesis Failure Rate

1Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta 10320, Indonesia
2Stem Cell and Tissue Engineering Cluster, MERC Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
3Department of Metallurgy and Material, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Jawa Barat 16424, Indonesia

Received 22 June 2016; Revised 22 September 2016; Accepted 17 October 2016

Academic Editor: Mohammad A. Islam

Copyright © 2016 Ahmad Jabir Rahyussalim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Today, orthopaedics is still in search for the most reliable biomaterial for prosthesis. The biomaterial needs to have good longevity and other supporting properties in order to maintain low implant failure. An ideal metallic biomaterial should be biocompatible, has similar elastic modulus to that of bone, has excellent resistance to fatigue, corrosion, aseptic loosening, and wear, and has good bone-bonding ability. The success of an implant depends on many factors. Good osseointegration is one of the factors required to reduce the rate of loosening of implants and in order to increase the chance of osseointegration, high stability of implants and early healing process encouragement are needed.