Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2016, Article ID 8515103, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8515103
Research Article

Significant Enhancement of Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Thermoplastic Polyester Elastomer by Polymer Blending and Nanoinclusion

1Dept. of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Hanyang University, Ansan City 425-386, Republic of Korea
2Shinil Chemical Ind. Ltd., 675-4 Seonggok-dong, Ansan City, Gyeonggi-do 425-386, Republic of Korea

Received 8 December 2015; Revised 15 February 2016; Accepted 22 February 2016

Academic Editor: Antonios Kelarakis

Copyright © 2016 Manwar Hussain et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Thermoplastic elastomer composites and nanocomposites were fabricated via melt processing technique by blending thermoplastic elastomer (TPEE) with poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) thermoplastic and also by adding small amount of organo modified nanoclay and/or polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). We study the effect of polymer blending on the mechanical and thermal properties of TPEE blends with and without nanoparticle additions. Significant improvement was observed by blending only TPEE and virgin PBT polymers. With a small amount (0.5 wt.%) of nanoclay or PTFE particles added to the TPEE composite, there was further improvement in both the mechanical and thermal properties. To study mechanical properties, flexural strength (FS), flexural modulus (FM), tensile strength (TS), and tensile elongation (TE) were all investigated. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to analyze the thermal properties, including the heat distortion temperature (HDT), of the composites. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to observe the polymer fracture surface morphology. The dispersion of the clay and PTFE nanoparticles was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis. This material is proposed for use as a baffle plate in the automotive industry, where both high HDT and high modulus are essential.