Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 8584304, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8584304
Research Article

One-Step Synthesis of Copper and Cupric Oxide Particles from the Liquid Phase by X-Ray Radiolysis Using Synchrotron Radiation

1Laboratory of Advance Science and Technology for Industry, University of Hyogo, 3-1-2 Koto, Kamigori, Ako, Hyogo 678-1205, Japan
2Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8603, Japan
3Hyogo Prefectural Institute of Technology, 3-1-12, Yukihira, Suma, Kobe 654-0037, Japan

Received 28 September 2016; Accepted 22 November 2016

Academic Editor: Fuxiang Zhang

Copyright © 2016 Akinobu Yamaguchi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters, vol. 25 of Springer Series in Material Science, Springer, 1995.
  2. E. C. Le Ru and P. G. Etchegoin, Principles of Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and Related Plasmonic Effects, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2009.
  3. X. Lu, M. Rycenga, S. E. Skrabalak, B. Wiley, and Y. Xia, “Chemical synthesis of novel plasmonic nanoparticles,” Annual Review of Physical Chemistry, vol. 60, pp. 167–192, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B. L. Cushing, V. L. Kolesnichenko, and C. J. O'Connor, “Recent advances in the liquid-phase syntheses of inorganic nanoparticles,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 104, no. 9, pp. 3893–3946, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. Serp and K. Philippot, Eds., Nanomaterials in Catalysis, WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2013.
  6. A. Gedanken, “Using sonochemistry for the fabrication of nanomaterials,” Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 47–55, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. Y. Nagata, Y. Watananabe, S.-I. Fujita, T. Dohmaru, and S. Taniguchi, “Formation of colloidal silver in water by ultrasonic irradiation,” Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, no. 21, pp. 1620–1622, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. A. Yeung, R. Hobson, S. Biggs, and F. Grieser, “Formation of gold sols using ultrasound,” Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, no. 4, pp. 378–379, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Wagner and J. M. Köhler, “Continuous synthesis of gold nanoparticles in a microreactor,” Nano Letters, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 685–691, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. J. Wagner, T. Kirner, G. Mayer, J. Albert, and J. M. Köhler, “Generation of metal nanoparticles in a microchannel reactor,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 101, no. 1–3, pp. 251–260, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. K. S. Suslick, S.-B. Choe, A. A. Cichowlas, and M. W. Grinstaff, “Sonochemical synthesis of amorphous iron,” Nature, vol. 353, no. 6343, pp. 414–416, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. W. Tu and H. Liu, “Rapid synthesis of nanoscale colloidal metal clusters by microwave irradiation,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 2207–2211, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. T. Yamamoto, Y. Wada, T. Sakata et al., “Microwave-assisted preparation of silver nanoparticles,” Chemistry Letters, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 158–159, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. Frens, “Particle size and sol stability in metal colloids,” Colloid & Polymer Science, vol. 250, no. 7, pp. 736–741, 1972. View at Google Scholar
  15. G. Frens, “Controlled nucleation for the regulation of the particle size in monodisperse gold suspensions,” Nature Physical Science, vol. 241, pp. 20–22, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. A. A. Athawale, P. P. Katre, M. Kumar, and M. B. Majumdar, “Synthesis of CTAB-IPA reduced copper nanoparticles,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 91, no. 2-3, pp. 507–512, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Tsuji, M. Hashimoto, Y. Nishizawa, M. Kubokawa, and T. Tsuji, “Microwave-assisted synthesis of metallic nanostructures in solution,” Chemistry—A European Journal, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 440–452, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Takami, H. Kurita, and S. Koda, “Laser-induced size reduction of noble metal particles,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 103, no. 8, pp. 1226–1232, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Hashimoto, T. Uwada, M. Hagiri, and R. Shiraishi, “Mechanistic aspect of surface modification on glass substrates assisted by single shot pulsed laser-induced fragmentation of gold nanoparticles,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 115, no. 12, pp. 4986–4993, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. F. Mafuné, J.-Y. Kohno, Y. Takeda, and T. Kondow, “Formation of stable platinum nanoparticles by laser ablation in water,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 107, no. 18, pp. 4218–4223, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. H. Bae, S. H. Nam, and S. M. Park, “Formation of silver nanoparticles by laser ablation of a silver target in NaCl solution,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 197-198, pp. 628–634, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. K. Akamatsu, S. Ikeda, H. Nawafune, and H. Yanagimoto, “Direct patterning of copper on polyimide using ion exchangeable surface templates generated by site-selective surface modification,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 126, no. 35, pp. 10822–10823, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. Akamatsu, M. Fujii, T. Tsuruoka, S.-I. Nakano, T. Murashima, and H. Nawafune, “Mechanistic study on microstructural tuning of metal nanoparticle/polymer composite thin layers: hydrogenation and decomposition of polyimide matrices catalyzed by embedded nickel nanoparticles,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 116, no. 33, pp. 17947–17954, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. F. Fievet, J. P. Lagier, B. Blin, B. Beaudoin, and M. Figlarz, “Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleations in the polyol process for the preparation of micron and submicron size metal particles,” Solid State Ionics, vol. 32-33, part 1, pp. 198–205, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. L. K. Kurihara, G. M. Chow, and P. E. Schoen, “Nanocrystalline metallic powders and films produced by the polyol method,” Nanostructured Materials, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 607–613, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. B. Wiley, T. Herricks, Y. Sun, and Y. Xia, “Polyol synthesis of silver nanoparticles: use of chloride and oxygen to promote the formation of single-crystal, truncated cubes and tetrahedrons,” Nano Letters, vol. 4, no. 9, pp. 1733–1739, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. Kvítek, A. Panáček, J. Soukupová et al., “Effect of surfactants and polymers on stability and antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles (NPs),” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 15, pp. 5825–5834, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. R. Hara, T. Fukuoka, R. Takahashi, Y. Utsumi, and A. Yamaguchi, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy using a coffee-ring-type three-dimensional silver nanostructure,” RSC Advances, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 1378–1384, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Q. Ma, N. Moldovan, D. C. Mancini, and R. A. Rosenberg, “Synchrotron-radiation-induced, selective-area deposition of gold on polyimide from solution,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 76, no. 15, p. 2014, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. P. H. Borse, J. M. Yi, J. H. Je, W. L. Tsai, and Y. Hwu, “pH dependence of synchrotron x-ray induced electroless nickel deposition,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 1166–1170, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. P. H. Borse, J. M. Yi, J. H. Je et al., “Formation of magnetic Ni nanoparticles in x-ray irradiated electroless solution,” Nanotechnology, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. S389–S392, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  32. Y.-C. Yang, C.-H. Wang, Y.-K. Hwu, and J.-H. Je, “Synchrotron X-ray synthesis of colloidal gold particles for drug delivery,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 100, no. 1, pp. 72–76, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. C.-L. Wang, B.-J. Hsao, S.-F. Lai et al., “One-pot synthesis of AuPt alloyed nanoparticles by intense x-ray irradiation,” Nanotechnology, vol. 22, no. 6, Article ID 065605, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. F. Karadas, G. Ertas, E. Ozkaraoglu, and S. Suzer, “X-ray-induced production of gold nanoparticles on a SiO2/Si system and in a poly(methyl methacrylate) matrix,” Langmuir, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 437–442, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. H. J. Lee, J. H. Je, Y. Hwu, and W. Tsai, “Synchrotron X-ray induced solution precipitation of nanoparticles,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, vol. 199, pp. 342–347, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. A. Yamaguchi, T. Matsumoto, I. Okada, I. Sakurai, and Y. Utsumi, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering active gold nanostructure fabricated by photochemical reaction of synchrotron radiation,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 160, pp. 205–211, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. S. K. Ghosh and T. Pal, “Interparticle coupling effect on the surface plasmon resonance of gold nanoparticles: from theory to applications,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 107, no. 11, pp. 4797–4862, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. D. P. Volanti, D. Keyson, L. S. Cavalcante et al., “Synthesis and characterization of CuO flower-nanostructure processing by a domestic hydrothermal microwave,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 459, no. 1-2, pp. 537–542, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. L. Debbichi, M. C. Marco De Lucas, J. F. Pierson, and P. Krüger, “Vibrational properties of CuO and Cu4O3 from first-principles calculations, and raman and infrared spectroscopy,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 116, no. 18, pp. 10232–10237, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. P. Poizot, S. Laruelle, S. Grugeon, L. Dupont, and J.-M. Tarascon, “Nano-sized transition-metal oxides as negative-electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries,” Nature, vol. 407, no. 6803, pp. 496–499, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. J. C. Park, A. Y. Kim, J. Y. Kim, S. Park, K. H. Park, and H. Song, “ZnO-CuO core-branch nanocatalysts for ultrasound-assisted azide-alkyne cycloaddition reactions,” Chemical Communications, vol. 48, no. 68, pp. 8484–8486, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. A. Henglein, “Formation and absorption spectrum of copper nanoparticles from the radiolytic reduction of Cu(CN),” The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 104, no. 6, pp. 1206–1211, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. J. Long, J. Dong, X. Wang et al., “Photochemical synthesis of submicron- and nano-scale Cu2O particles,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 333, no. 2, pp. 791–799, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. M. A. Dar, Q. Ahsanulhaq, Y. S. Kim, J. M. Sohn, W. B. Kim, and H. S. Shin, “Versatile synthesis of rectangular shaped nanobat-like CuO nanostructures by hydrothermal method; structural properties and growth mechanism,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 255, no. 12, pp. 6279–6284, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. M.-S. Yeh, Y.-S. Yang, Y.-P. Lee, H.-F. Lee, Y.-H. Yeh, and C.-S. Yeh, “Formation and characteristics of Cu colloids from CuO powder by laser irradiation in 2-propanol,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 103, no. 33, pp. 6851–6857, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. A. Radi, D. Pradhan, Y. Sohn, and K. T. Leung, “Nanoscale shape and size control of cubic, cuboctahedral, and octahedral Cu-Cu2O core-shell nanoparticles on Si(100) by one-step, templateless, capping-agent-free electrodeposition,” ACS Nano, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 1553–1560, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. M. Izaki, T. Shinagawa, K.-T. Mizuno, Y. Ida, M. Inaba, and A. Tasaka, “Electrochemically constructed p-Cu2O/n-ZnO heterojunction diode for photovoltaic device,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 40, no. 11, p. 3326, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. T. H. Fleisch and G. J. Mains, “Reduction of copper oxides by UV radiation and atomic hydrogen studied by XPS,” Applications of Surface Science, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 51–62, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. J. Tamaki, K. Shimanoe, Y. Yamada, Y. Yamamoto, N. Miura, and N. Yamazoe, “Dilute hydrogen sulfide sensing properties of CuO-SnO2 thin film prepared by low-pressure evaporation method,” Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical, vol. 49, no. 1-2, pp. 121–125, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. W. Shao, G. Pattanaik, and G. Zangari, “Electrochemical nucleation and growth of copper from acidic sulfate electrolytes on n-Si ( 001 ),” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 154, no. 7, pp. D339–D345, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. J. Zhang, J. Liu, Q. Peng, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Nearly monodisperse Cu2O and CuO nanospheres: preparation and applications for sensitive gas sensors,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 867–871, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  52. R. T. Clay and R. E. Cohen, “Synthesis of Cu and CuO nanoclusters within microphase-separated diblock copolymers,” New Journal of Chemistry, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 745–748, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. I. Lisiecki and M. P. Pileni, “Synthesis of copper metallic clusters using reverse micelles as microreactors,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 115, no. 10, pp. 3887–3896, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. M. A. Brookshier, C. C. Chusuei, and D. W. Goodman, “Control of CuO particle size on SiO2 by spin coating,” Langmuir, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 2043–2046, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. H. Oyanagi, Y. Orimoto, K. Hayakawa et al., “Nanoclusters synthesized by synchrotron radiolysis in concert with wet chemistry,” Scientific Reports, vol. 4, article 7199, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. A. Yamaguchi, I. Okada, T. Fukuoka, I. Sakurai, and Y. Utsumi, “Synthesis of metallic nanoparticles through X-ray radiolysis using synchrotron radiation,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 55, no. 5, Article ID 055502, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  57. T. Ishihara, M. Higuchi, T. Takagi, M. Ito, H. Nishiguchi, and Y. Takita, “Preparation of CuO thin films on porous BaTiO3 by self-assembled multibilayer film formation and application as a CO2 sensor,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 2037–2042, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. J. Luo, L. Steier, M. –K. Son, M. Schreier, M. T. Mayer, and M. Grätzel, “Cu2O nanowire photocathodes for efficient and durable solar water splitting,” Nano Letters, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 1848–1857, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  59. J. Weiss, “Radiochemistry of aqueous solutions,” Nature, vol. 153, pp. 748–750, 1944. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  60. J. Weiss, “Biological action of radiations,” Nature, vol. 157, p. 584, 1946. View at Google Scholar
  61. N. Miller, “Quantitative studies of radiation‐induced reactions in aqueous solution. I. Oxidation of ferrous sulfate by X‐ and γ‐radiation,” The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 18, no. 1, p. 79, 1950. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  62. A. H. Samuel and J. L. Magee, “Theory of radiation chemistry. II. Track effects in radiolysis of water,” The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1080–1087, 1953. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  63. R. H. Johnsen, N. T. Barker, and M. Burgin, “Studies on iodine as a scavenger in irradiated hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon-alcohol solutions,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 73, no. 10, pp. 3204–3208, 1969. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. N. Getoff, “Radiation-induced degradation of water pollutants—state of the art,” Radiation Physics and Chemistry, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 581–593, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  65. G. V. Buxton, C. L. Greenstock, W. P. Helman, and A. B. Ross, “Critical Review of rate constants for reactions of hydrated electrons, hydrogen atoms and hydroxyl radicals (·OH/·O in Aqueous Solution,” Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, vol. 17, no. 2, p. 513, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  66. V. K. LaMer and R. H. Dinegar, “Theory, production and mechanism of formation of monodispersed hydrosols,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 72, no. 11, pp. 4847–4854, 1950. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  67. R. Hogg, T. W. Healy, and D. W. Fuerstenau, “Mutual coagulation of colloidal dispersions,” Transactions of the Faraday Society, vol. 62, pp. 1638–1651, 1966. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  68. J. N. Israelacvili, Intermolecular and Surface Forces, Academic Press, London, UK, 3rd edition, 2011.
  69. W. E. Frazier, “Metal additive manufacturing: a review,” Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 1917–1928, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  70. K. V. Wong and A. Hernandez, “A review of additive manufacturing,” ISRN Mechanical Engineering, vol. 2012, Article ID 208760, 10 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  71. L. Jonušauskas, M. Lau, P. Gruber et al., “Plasmon assisted 3D microstructuring of gold nanoparticle-doped polymers,” Nanotechnology, vol. 27, no. 15, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  72. V. Saile, U. Wallradbe, O. Tabata, and J. G. Korvink, Advanced Micro and Nanosystems, Volume 7: LIGA and Its Applications, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2009.