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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1989785, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1989785
Research Article

Electromagnetic, Morphological, and Electrical Characterization of POMA/Carbon Nanotubes-Based Composites

1Institute of Science and Technology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Rua Talim 330, São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil
2Technological Institute of Aeronautics, Praça Mal do Ar Eduardo Gomes 50, São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Simone de Souza Pinto; moc.liamg@np.azuosenomis

Received 13 November 2016; Revised 27 December 2016; Accepted 29 December 2016; Published 16 February 2017

Academic Editor: Andrew R. Barron

Copyright © 2017 Simone de Souza Pinto and Mirabel Cerqueira Rezende. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study involves the preparation of conducting composites based on poly(o-methoxyaniline) (POMA) and carbon nanotubes (CNT) and the evaluation of them as radar absorbing materials (RAM), in the frequency range of 8.2–12.4 GHz (X-band). The composites were obtained by synthesis in situ of POMA in the presence of CNT (0.1 and 0.5 wt% in relation to the o-methoxyaniline monomer). The resulting samples—POMA/CNT-0.1 wt% and POMA/CNT-0.5 wt%—were incorporated in an epoxy resin matrix in the proportion of 1 and 10 wt%. FT-IR analyses show that the POMA was successfully synthesized on the CNT surface. SEM analyses show that the synthesized POMA recovered all CNT surface. Electrical conductivity measurements show that the CNT contributed to increase the conductivity of POMA/CNT composites (1.5–6.7 S·cm−1) in relation to the neat POMA (5.4 × 10−1 S·cm−1). The electromagnetic characterization involved the measurements of complex parameters of electrical permittivity () and magnetic permeability (), using a waveguide in the X-band. From these experimental data reflection loss (RL) simulations were performed for specimens with different thicknesses. The complex parameters show that the CNT in the composites increased and . These results are attributed to the CNT network formation into the composites. Simulated RL curves of neat POMA and POMA/CNT in epoxy resin show the preponderant influence of POMA on all RL curves. This behavior is attributed to the efficient CNT recovering by POMA. RL results show that the composite based on 10 wt% of POMA/CNT-0.5 wt% in epoxy resin (9 mm thickness) presents the best RL results (87% of attenuation at 12.4 GHz).