Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 2367856, 15 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2367856
Research Article

CoFe2O4-TiO2 Hybrid Nanomaterials: Synthesis Approaches Based on the Oil-in-Water Microemulsion Reaction Method

1Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados S. C. (CIMAV) Unidad Monterrey, Alianza Norte 202, Parque de Investigación e Innovación Tecnológica, 66628 Apodaca, NL, Mexico
2Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada (CIQA), Blvd. Enrique Reyna Hermosillo 140, 25294 Saltillo, COAH, Mexico
3Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados, S.C. (CIMAV), Av. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra 120, Complejo Industrial Chihuahua, 31136 Chihuahua, CHIH, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to Margarita Sánchez-Domínguez

Received 16 November 2016; Accepted 18 January 2017; Published 8 March 2017

Academic Editor: P. Davide Cozzoli

Copyright © 2017 Arturo Adrián Rodríguez-Rodríguez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. M. Ajayan, “Bulk metal and ceramics nanocomposites,” in Nanocomposite Science and Technology, pp. 1–75, Wiley-VCH, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  2. R. Marschall, “Semiconductor composites: strategies for enhancing charge carrier separation to improve photocatalytic activity,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 24, no. 17, pp. 2421–2440, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y. L. Pang, S. Lim, H. C. Ong, and W. T. Chong, “Research progress on iron oxide-based magnetic materials: synthesis techniques and photocatalytic applications,” Ceramics International, vol. 42, no. 1, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Stefan, O. Pana, C. Leostean et al., “Synthesis and characterization of Fe3O4–TiO2 core-shell nanoparticles,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 116, no. 11, Article ID 114312, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Bhaduri and S. B. Bhaduri, “Recent developments in ceramic nanocomposites,” JOM, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 44–51, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. P. Palmero, “Structural ceramic nanocomposites: a review of properties and powders’ synthesis methods,” Nanomaterials, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 656–696, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Dahl, Y. Liu, and Y. Yin, “Composite titanium dioxide nanomaterials,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 114, no. 19, pp. 9853–9889, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Xuan, W. Jiang, X. Gong, Y. Hu, and Z. Chen, “Magnetically separable Fe3O4/TiO2 hollow spheres: fabrication and photocatalytic activity,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 113, no. 2, pp. 553–558, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. Yao, M. Fan, Y. Wang, G. Luo, and W. Fei, “Magnetic titanium dioxide based nanomaterials: synthesis, characteristics, and photocatalytic application in pollutant degradation,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 3, no. 34, pp. 17511–17524, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. F. Fresno, R. Portela, S. Suárez, and J. M. Coronado, “Photocatalytic materials: recent achievements and near future trends,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 2, no. 9, pp. 2863–2884, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H. Xu, S. Ouyang, L. Liu, P. Reunchan, N. Umezawa, and J. Ye, “Recent advances in TiO2-based photocatalysis,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 2, no. 32, pp. 12642–12661, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Y. Yao, J. Qin, H. Chen et al., “One-pot approach for synthesis of N-doped TiO2/ZnFe2O4 hybrid as an efficient photocatalyst for degradation of aqueous organic pollutants,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 291, pp. 28–37, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. H. Liu, Y. He, and X. Liang, “Magnetic photocatalysts containing TiO2 nanocrystals: morphology effect on photocatalytic activity,” Journal of Materials Research, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 98–106, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Rana, R. S. Srivastava, M. M. Sorensson, and R. D. K. Misra, “Synthesis and characterization of nanoparticles with magnetic core and photocatalytic shell: anatase TiO2-NiFe2O4 system,” Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology, vol. 119, no. 2, pp. 144–151, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. G.-Y. Zhang, Y.-Q. Sun, D.-Z. Gao, and Y.-Y. Xu, “Quasi-cube ZnFe2O4 nanocrystals: hydrothermal synthesis and photocatalytic activity with TiO2 (Degussa P25) as nanocomposite,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 755–760, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. H. Li, Y. Zhang, S. Wang, Q. Wu, and C. Liu, “Study on nanomagnets supported TiO2 photocatalysts prepared by a sol-gel process in reverse microemulsion combining with solvent-thermal technique,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 169, no. 1–3, pp. 1045–1053, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. H. A. J. L. Mourão, A. R. Malagutti, and C. Ribeiro, “Synthesis of TiO2-coated CoFe2O4 photocatalysts applied to the photodegradation of atrazine and rhodamine B in water,” Applied Catalysis A: General, vol. 382, no. 2, pp. 284–292, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. Sathishkumar, R. V. Mangalaraja, S. Anandan, and M. Ashokkumar, “CoFe2O4/TiO2 nanocatalysts for the photocatalytic degradation of Reactive Red 120 in aqueous solutions in the presence and absence of electron acceptors,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 220, pp. 302–310, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. Pongwan, B. Inceesungvorn, S. Phanichphant, W. Kangwansupamonkon, and N. Wetchakun, “Synthesis and characterization of a magnetically separable CoFe2O4/TiO2 nanocomposite for the photomineralization of formic acid,” Ferroelectrics, vol. 453, no. 1, pp. 133–140, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. Haw, W. Chiu, S. Abdul Rahman et al., “The design of new magnetic-photocatalyst nanocomposites (CoFe2O4-TiO2) as smart nanomaterials for recyclable-photocatalysis applications,” New Journal of Chemistry, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 1124–1136, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. W. Fu, H. Yang, M. Li, M. Li, N. Yang, and G. Zou, “Anatase TiO2 nanolayer coating on cobalt ferrite nanoparticles for magnetic photocatalyst,” Materials Letters, vol. 59, no. 27, pp. 3530–3534, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. M. Moosavi, P. Molla-Abbasi, and Z. Haji-Aghajani, “Photo-catalyst CoFe2O4–TiO2: application in photo-degradation of organic dyes and magnetic nanocomposite preparation,” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 4879–4886, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Sanchez-Dominguez, M. Boutonnet, and C. Solans, “A novel approach to metal and metal oxide nanoparticle synthesis: the oil-in-water microemulsion reaction method,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 1823–1829, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Sanchez-Dominguez, K. Pemartin, and M. Boutonnet, “Preparation of inorganic nanoparticles in oil-in-water microemulsions: a soft and versatile approach,” Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 297–305, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Boutonnet, J. Kizling, P. Stenius, and G. Maire, “The preparation of monodisperse colloidal metal particles from microemulsions,” Colloids and Surfaces, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 209–225, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. K. Pemartin, C. Solans, G. Vidal-Lopez, and M. Sanchez-Dominguez, “Synthesis of ZnO and ZnO2 nanoparticles by the oil-in-water microemulsion reaction method,” Chemistry Letters, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 1032–1034, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Sanchez-Dominguez, L. F. Liotta, G. Di Carlo et al., “Synthesis of CeO2, ZrO2, Ce0.5Zr0.5O2, and TiO2 nanoparticles by a novel oil-in-water microemulsion reaction method and their use as catalyst support for CO oxidation,” Catalysis Today, vol. 158, no. 1-2, pp. 35–43, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. Tiseanu, V. I. Parvulescu, M. Boutonnet et al., “Surface versus volume effects in luminescent ceria nanocrystals synthesized by an oil-in-water microemulsion method,” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 13, no. 38, pp. 17135–17145, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. G. Di Carlo, M. Lualdi, A. M. Venezia, M. Boutonnet, and M. Sanchez-Dominguez, “Design of cobalt nanoparticles with tailored structural and morphological properties via O/W and W/O microemulsions and their deposition onto silica,” Catalysts, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 442–459, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Sanchez-Dominguez, H. Koleilat, M. Boutonnet, and C. Solans, “Synthesis of pt nanoparticles in oil-in-water microemulsions: phase behavior and effect of formulation parameters on nanoparticle characteristics,” Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 1765–1770, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. Sanchez-Dominguez, G. Morales-Mendoza, M. J. Rodriguez-Vargas et al., “Synthesis of Zn-doped TiO2 nanoparticles by the novel oil-in-water (O/W) microemulsion method and their use for the photocatalytic degradation of phenol,” Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 3037–3047, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. K. Pemartin-Biernath, A. V. Vela-González, M. B. Moreno-Trejo et al., “Synthesis of mixed Cu/Ce oxide nanoparticles by the oil-in-water microemulsion reaction method,” Materials, vol. 9, no. 6, article 480, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. K. Pemartin, C. Solans, J. Alvarez-Quintana, and M. Sanchez-Dominguez, “Synthesis of Mn–Zn ferrite nanoparticles by the oil-in-water microemulsion reaction method,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 451, no. 1, pp. 161–171, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. C. Okoli, M. Sanchez-Dominguez, M. Boutonnet et al., “Comparison and functionalization study of microemulsion-prepared magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles,” Langmuir, vol. 28, no. 22, pp. 8479–8485, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. E. Swatsitang, S. Phokha, S. Hunpratub et al., “Characterization and magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 664, pp. 792–797, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. M. Houshiar, F. Zebhi, Z. J. Razi, A. Alidoust, and Z. Askari, “Synthesis of cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) nanoparticles using combustion, coprecipitation, and precipitation methods: A comparison study of size, structural, and magnetic properties,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 371, pp. 43–48, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. Sajjia, M. Oubaha, M. Hasanuzzaman, and A. G. Olabi, “Developments of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles prepared by the sol-gel process,” Ceramics International, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 1147–1154, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. V. V. Paike, P. S. Niphadkar, V. V. Bokade, and P. N. Joshi, “Synthesis of spinel CoFe2O4 via the Co-precipitation method using tetraalkyl ammonium hydroxides as precipitating agents,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 90, no. 9, pp. 3009–3012, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. P. D. Thang, G. Rijnders, and D. H. A. Blank, “Spinel cobalt ferrite by complexometric synthesis,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 295, no. 3, pp. 251–256, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. S. M. Montemayor, L. A. García-Cerda, and J. R. Torres-Lubián, “Preparation and characterization of cobalt ferrite by the polymerized complex method,” Materials Letters, vol. 59, no. 8-9, pp. 1056–1060, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. S. Rana, J. Philip, and B. Raj, “Micelle based synthesis of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles and its characterization using Fourier Transform Infrared Transmission Spectrometry and Thermogravimetry,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 124, no. 1, pp. 264–269, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. V. Pillai and D. O. Shah, “Synthesis of high-coercivity cobalt ferrite particles using water-in-oil microemulsions,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 163, no. 1-2, pp. 243–248, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. A. Ajmal, I. Majeed, R. N. Malik, H. Idriss, and M. A. Nadeem, “Principles and mechanisms of photocatalytic dye degradation on TiO2 based photocatalysts: a comparative overview,” RSC Advances, vol. 4, no. 70, pp. 37003–37026, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. E. Masolo, N. Senes, E. Pellicer et al., “Evaluation of the anatase/rutile phase composition influence on the photocatalytic performances of mesoporous TiO2 powders,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 40, no. 42, pp. 14483–14491, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. M. Abbas, B. P. Rao, V. Reddy, and C. Kim, “Fe3O4/TiO2 core/shell nanocubes: single-batch surfactantless synthesis, characterization and efficient catalysts for methylene blue degradation,” Ceramics International, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 11177–11186, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. P. Raju and S. R. Murthy, “Microwave-hydrothermal synthesis of CoFe2O4-TiO2 nanocomposites,” Advanced Materials Letters, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 99–105, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. Y. Gao, B. Chen, H. Li, and Y. Ma, “Preparation and characterization of a magnetically separated photocatalyst and its catalytic properties,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 348–355, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. C.-J. Li, J.-N. Wang, B. Wang, J. R. Gong, and Z. Lin, “Direct formation of reusable TiO2/CoFe2O4 heterogeneous photocatalytic fibers via two-spinneret electrospinning,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 2496–2502, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. S. Liu, W. Wang, J. Chen et al., “Foamed single-crystalline anatase nanocrystals exhibiting enhanced photocatalytic activity,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 3, no. 34, pp. 17837–17848, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. R. Ren, Z. Wen, S. Cui, Y. Hou, X. Guo, and J. Chen, “Controllable synthesis and tunable photocatalytic properties of Ti3+-doped TiO2,” Scientific Reports, vol. 5, article 10714, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  51. M. A. Nazarkovsky, V. M. Bogatyrov, B. Czech et al., “Titania-coated nanosilica-cobalt ferrite composites: structure and photocatalytic activity,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 319-320, pp. 40–52, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. R. Valenzuela, Magnetic Ceramics, Cambridge University Press, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  53. P. Puliová, J. Kováč, A. Voigt, and P. Raschman, “Structure and magnetic properties of Co and Ni nano-ferrites prepared by a two step direct microemulsions synthesis,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 341, pp. 93–99, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. H. Hamad, M. Abd El-Latif, A. E.-H. Kashyout, W. Sadik, and M. Feteha, “Synthesis and characterization of core-shell-shell magnetic (CoFe2O4-SiO2-TiO2) nanocomposites and TiO2 nanoparticles for the evaluation of photocatalytic activity under UV and visible irradiation,” New Journal of Chemistry, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 3116–3128, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. F. A. Harraz, R. M. Mohamed, M. M. Rashad, Y. C. Wang, and W. Sigmund, “Magnetic nanocomposite based on titania–silica/cobalt ferrite for photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue dye,” Ceramics International, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 375–384, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. W. P. Wang, H. Yang, T. Xian, and J. L. Jiang, “XPS and magnetic properties of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles synthesized by a polyacrylamide gel route,” Materials Transactions, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 1586–1589, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. M. C. Biesinger, B. P. Payne, A. P. Grosvenor, L. W. M. Lau, A. R. Gerson, and R. S. C. Smart, “Resolving surface chemical states in XPS analysis of first row transition metals, oxides and hydroxides: Cr, Mn, Fe, Co and Ni,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 257, no. 7, pp. 2717–2730, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. M. C. Biesinger, L. W. M. Lau, A. R. Gerson, and R. S. C. Smart, “Resolving surface chemical states in XPS analysis of first row transition metals, oxides and hydroxides: Sc, Ti, V, Cu and Zn,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 257, no. 3, pp. 887–898, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. W. Wu, X. Xiao, S. Zhang, F. Ren, and C. Jiang, “Facile method to synthesize magnetic iron oxides/TiO2 hybrid nanoparticles and their photodegradation application of methylene blue,” Nanoscale Research Letters, vol. 6, article 533, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus