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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2017, Article ID 3079636, 6 pages
Research Article

Green Method for Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Polyscias scutellaria Leaf Extract under UV Light and Their Catalytic Activity to Reduce Methylene Blue

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia

Correspondence should be addressed to Yoki Yulizar;

Received 9 February 2017; Accepted 19 September 2017; Published 28 November 2017

Academic Editor: Ilaria Fratoddi

Copyright © 2017 Yoki Yulizar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aqueous fraction of Polyscias scutellaria leaf extract (PSE) has been used as a reducing agent and stabilizer in the green synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). UV-Vis spectrophotometry, particle size analyzer (PSA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy-selected area electron diffraction (TEM-SAED), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to characterize AuNPs. The AuNPs have a size of 5–20 nm and have a face centered cubic (fcc) crystal structure and are stable for 21 days. Phenolic compounds, which are secondary metabolites of PSE, act as an active compound to reduce Au3+ ion to Au0, as well as stabilize the AuNPs through their surface interaction with carbonyl and hydroxyl groups of phenols. AuNPs exhibit excellent catalytic activity for the reduction of methylene blue with NaBH4. The reduction of methylene blue using AuNPs catalysts is a pseudo-first-order reaction with a reduction rate constant () of 0.0223 min−1.