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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2017, Article ID 3418932, 13 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3418932
Review Article

The Advances of Carbon Nanotubes in Cancer Diagnostics and Therapeutics

1School of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211800, China
2Suzhou Yiheyongli New Energy Co., Ltd, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215400, China
3Department of Cancer Biology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
4Tumor Marker Research Center, Cancer Institute and Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China
5College of Pharmacy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
6Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
7China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130021, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Hongmei Yu; nc.ude.ulj@mgnohuy and Zhaogang Yang; moc.liamg@gnagoahzy

Received 1 February 2017; Revised 8 May 2017; Accepted 14 May 2017; Published 9 August 2017

Academic Editor: Jian Zhong

Copyright © 2017 Zhou Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), one of the unique one-dimensional nanomaterials, have gained great attention because of their specific characters, versatile functionalization chemistry, and biological compatibility in the past few decades. CNTs can be functionalized via different methods to perform their specific functions. CNTs have been used in various areas of biomedicine as nanocarriers, including cancer diagnosis and therapy. Different molecules such as peptide, antigen, and nucleic acid can be delivered to cancer cells by CNTs with high efficiency. In this review, we summarized the properties of CNTs and the method of CNTs functionalization and illustrated their application in cancer diagnosis and therapy.