Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4049061, 9 pages
Research Article

Dilute Alkali and Hydrogen Peroxide Treatment of Microwave Liquefied Rape Straw Residue for the Extraction of Cellulose Nanocrystals

1School of Renewable Natural Resources, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
2College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan 611130, China
3Southern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Pineville, LA 71360, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Jiulong Xie

Received 27 October 2016; Revised 17 January 2017; Accepted 24 January 2017; Published 19 February 2017

Academic Editor: Jim Low

Copyright © 2017 Xingyan Huang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Microwave-assisted liquefaction of rape straw in methanol was conducted to collect the liquefied residues for the extraction of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs). The liquefied residue with content of 23.44% from 180°C/7.5 min was used to fibrillate CNCs with dilute alkali (2% NaOH) and hydrogen peroxide (5% H2O2) treatments, followed by ultrasonication for 15 min. The FT-IR spectra and SEM images revealed that the liquefied residue from 180°C/7.5 min exhibited a relatively homogeneous texture and a huge surface with cellulose as core structure. The retained hemicelluloses and other impurities in the liquefied residue were eliminated by 2% NaOH treatment, and the surface and accessibility of the alkali treated sample were significantly increased by 5% H2O2 treatment. The TEM images confirmed the CNCs had an average diameter of 12.59 nm. The CNCs had good thermal stability with a maximum weight loss temperature of 376.5°C.