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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4796538, 17 pages
Review Article

Recent Progress in the Fabrication of Low Dimensional Nanostructures via Surface-Assisted Transforming and Coupling

1Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility and Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201204, China
2Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Fei Song

Received 10 February 2017; Accepted 4 June 2017; Published 17 July 2017

Academic Editor: Hamed Attariani

Copyright © 2017 Jinbang Hu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Polymerization of functional organics into covalently cross-linked nanostructures via bottom-up approach on solid surfaces has attracted tremendous interest recently, due to its appealing potentials in fabricating novel and artificial low dimensional nanomaterials. While there are various synthetic approaches being proposed and explored, this paper reviews the recent progress of on-surface coupling strategies towards the synthesis of low dimensional nanostructures ranging from 1D nanowire to 2D network and describes their advantages and drawbacks during on-surface process and phase transformations, for example, from molecular self-assembly to on-surface polymerization. Specifically, Ullmann reaction is discussed in detail and the mechanism governing nanostructures’ transforming effect by surface treatment is exploited. In the end, it is summarized that the hierarchical polymerization combined with Ullmann coupling makes it possible to realize the selection of different synthetic pathways and phase transformations and obtain novel organometallic nanowire with metalorganic bonding.