Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 7509098, 14 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7509098
Research Article

Influence of Film Thickness and Heat Treatment on the Physical Properties of Mn Doped Sb2Se3 Nanocrystalline Thin Films

Solid State Physics Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza 12622, Egypt

Correspondence should be addressed to Manal A. Mahdy; moc.liamg@114smam

Received 28 November 2016; Revised 19 February 2017; Accepted 1 March 2017; Published 23 April 2017

Academic Editor: Meiyong Liao

Copyright © 2017 I. K. El Zawawi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. Hanifehpour, S. W. Joo, and B.-K. Min, “Lu3+/Yb3+ and Lu3+/Er3+ co-doped antimony selenide nanomaterials: synthesis, characterization, and electrical, thermoelectrical, and optical properties,” Nanoscale Research Letters, vol. 8, no. 1, article 141, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. I. S. Virt, I. O. Rudyj, I. V. Kurilo et al., “Properties of Sb2S3 and Sb2Se3 thin films obtained by pulsed laser ablation,” Semiconductors, vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1003–1007, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y. Zhou, L. Wang, S. Chen et al., “Thin-film Sb2Se3 photovoltaics with oriented one-dimensional ribbons and benign grain boundaries,” Nature Photonics, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 409–415, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. Messina, M. T. S. Nair, and P. K. Nair, “Antimony selenide absorber thin films in all-chemically deposited solar cells,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 156, no. 5, pp. H327–H332, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. R. Filip, C. E. Patrick, and F. Giustino, “GW quasiparticle band structures of stibnite, antimonselite, bismuthinite, and guanajuatite,” Physical Review B, vol. 87, no. 20, Article ID 205125, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. E. Patrick and F. Giustino, “Structural and electronic properties of semiconductor-sensitized solar-cell interfaces,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 21, no. 24, pp. 4663–4667, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. X. Liu, J. Chen, M. Luo et al., “Thermal evaporation and characterization of Sb2Se3 thin film for substrate Sb2Se3/CdS solar cells,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 6, no. 13, pp. 10687–10695, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Y. Lai, Z. Chen, C. Han et al., “Preparation and characterization of Sb2Se3 thin films by electrodeposition and annealing treatment,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 261, pp. 510–514, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T. T. Ngo, S. Chavhan, I. Kosta, O. Miguel, H.-J. Grande, and R. Tena-Zaera, “Electrodeposition of antimony selenide thin films and application in semiconductor sensitized solar cells,” ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 2836–2841, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. U. Bajpeyee, “Deposition and characterization of antimony selenide thin films,” Multilogic in Science, vol. 2, pp. 38–43, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  11. J. Horák, P. Lošťák, Č. Drašar, J. S. Dyck, Z. Zhou, and C. Uher, “Defect structure of Sb2−xMnxTe3 single crystals,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 178, no. 9, pp. 2907–2912, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Choi, S. Choi, J. Choi et al., “Magnetic properties of Mn-doped Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3,” Physica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research, vol. 241, no. 7, pp. 1541–1544, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. Choi, H.-W. Lee, B.-S. Kim et al., “Mn-doped V2VI3 semiconductors: single crystal growth and magnetic properties,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 97, no. 10, Article ID 10D324, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. S. Dyck, P. Švanda, P. Lošt'ák, J. Horák, W. Chen, and C. Uher, “Magnetic and transport properties of the V2-VI3 diluted magnetic semiconductor Sb2-xMnxTe3,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 94, no. 12, pp. 7631–7635, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. Janíček, Č. Drašar, P. Lošt'Ák, J. Vejpravová, and V. Sechovský, “Transport, magnetic, optical and thermodynamic properties of Bi2-xMnxSe3 single crystals,” Physica B: Condensed Matter, vol. 403, no. 19-20, pp. 3553–3558, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. W. Sun, C.-H. Yang, T.-Y. Ko, H.-W. Chang, and C.-W. Liu, “Spectroscopy of a single Sb2Se3 nanorod,” Pure and Applied Chemistry, vol. 81, no. 8, pp. 1511–1522, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Ma, Y. Wang, Y. Wang et al., “One-dimensional Sb2Se3 nanostructures: solvothermal synthesis, growth mechanism, optical and electrochemical properties,” CrystEngComm, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 2369–2374, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Y. Ko, C. H. Yang, K. W. Sun, H. W. Chang, B. Sarkar, and C. W. Liu, “Electrical and optical properties of a single Sb2Se3 nanorod,” Central European Journal of Chemistry, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 197–204, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Y. Zhang, G. Li, B. Zhang, and L. Zhang, “Synthesis and characterization of hollow Sb2Se3 nanospheres,” Materials Letters, vol. 58, no. 17-18, pp. 2279–2282, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G.-Y. Chen, B. Dneg, G.-B. Cai et al., “The fractal splitting growth of Sb2S3 and Sb2Se3 hierarchical nanostructures,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 672–679, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Q. Xie, Z. Liu, M. Shao, L. Kong, W. Yu, and Y. Qian, “Polymer-controlled growth of Sb2Se3 nanoribbons via a hydrothermal process,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 252, no. 4, pp. 570–574, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Wang, Z. Deng, and Y. Li, “Synthesis and characterization of Sb2Se3 nanorods,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 495–502, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. G. Chen, W. Wang, C. Wang, T. Ding, and Q. Yang, “Controlled synthesis of ultrathin Sb2Se3 nanowires and application for flexible photodetectors,” Advanced Science, vol. 2, no. 10, Article ID 1500109, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. Y.-Q. Liu, M. Zhang, F.-X. Wang, and G.-B. Pan, “Facile microwave-assisted synthesis of uniform Sb2Se3 nanowires for high performance photodetectors,” Journal of Materials Chemistry C, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 240–244, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. 2001 JCPDS-International Centre for Diffraction Data, Card number (15-0861).
  26. Z. Li, H. Zhu, Y. Guo et al., “Efficiency enhancement of Sb2Se3 thin-film solar cells by the co-evaporation of Se and Sb2Se3,” Applied Physics Express, vol. 9, no. 5, Article ID 052302, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. R. D. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallographica Section A, vol. 32, pp. 751–767, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. M. A. Mahdy, I. K. El Zawawi, and E. A. El-Sayad, “Influence of temperature on the magnetic behavior of the Sb35.75Mn1.43Se62.82 compound,” The European Physical Journal Plus, vol. 132, no. 2, article 81, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. B. D. Cullitty, Elements of X-Ray Diffraction, Addison-Wesley, Boston, Mass, USA, 2nd edition, 1978.
  30. S. Kumar, P. Yousaf Khan, N. K. Verma, and S. K. Chakarvarti, “Optical parameters of ZnSe chalcogenide nanostructures,” Chalcogenide Letters, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 143–152, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. I. Pankove, Optical Processes in Semiconductors, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA, 1971.
  32. N. kumar, U. Parihar, R. Kumar, K. J. Patel, C. J. Panchal, and N. Padha, “Effect of film thickness on optical properties of tin selenide thin films prepared by thermal evaporation for photovoltaic applications,” American Journal of Materials Science, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 41–45, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. J. Tauc, “Optical properties of amorphous semiconductors,” in Amorphous and Liquid Semiconductors, 220, chapter 4, p. 159, Plenum Press, London, UK, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. I. K. El Zawawi and M. A. Mahdy, “Synthesis and characterization of low particle size nanocrystalline SnSe thin films,” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 2106–2111, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. J. Tauc, Amorphous and Liquid Semiconductors, Plenum, London, UK, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. A. M. Fernández and M. G. Merino, “Preparation and characterization of Sb2Se3 thin films prepared by electrodeposition for photovoltaic applications,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 366, no. 1-2, pp. 202–206, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. K. Y. Rajpure, C. D. Lokhande, and C. H. Bhosale, “Effect of the substrate temperature on the properties of spray deposited Sb-Se thin films from non-aqueous medium,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 311, no. 1-2, pp. 114–118, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. E. A. El-Sayad, B. S. Farag, and L. I. Soliman, “Effect of annealing temperature on the structural and optical properties of Sb-Mn-Se thin films,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 42, no. 22, Article ID 225401, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. B. Kuznetsov, Physical Principles of Microelectronics, Mir Publishers, 1974, English Translation.
  40. N. F. Mott and E. A. Davis, Electronic Process in Non-Crystalline Materials, Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK, 1979.
  41. F. Skuban, S. R. Lukić, D. M. Petrović, I. Savić, and Y. S. Tver'yanovich, “Optical gap and dc conductivity of disordered materials of (As2Se3)100-x(SbSI)x type,” Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1793–1799, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. E. A. El-Sayad, B. S. Farag, and A. T. Amin, “Electrical properties of crystalline PbxSn1 − xTe0.5Se0.5 thin films,” Vacuum, vol. 84, pp. 807–811, 2010. View at Google Scholar