Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2017, Article ID 9298637, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9298637
Research Article

Incorporation of Boron Atoms on Graphene Grown by Chemical Vapor Deposition Using Triisopropyl Borate as a Single Precursor

1Department of Physics, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, 22451-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
2MackGraphe, Mackenzie Presbyterian University, 01302-907 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
3Department of Computer Science, University of Verona, 37134 Verona, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to F. L. Freire Jr.; moc.liamg@cup.orazal

Received 16 March 2017; Accepted 18 May 2017; Published 13 June 2017

Academic Editor: Zafar Iqbal

Copyright © 2017 E. C. Romani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. Bonaccorso, V. Fal'ko, K. S. Novoselov et al., “Science and technology roadmap for graphene, related two- dimensional crystals, and hybrid systems,” Nanoscale, vol. 7, pp. 4598–4810, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. T. B. Martins, R. H. Miwa, A. J. R. da Silva, and A. Fazzio, “Electronic and transport properties of boron-doped graphene nanoribbons,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 98, no. 19, Article ID 196803, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Usachov, O. Vilkov, A. Grüneis et al., “Nitrogen-doped graphene: efficient growth, structure, and electronic properties,” Nano Letters, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 5401–5407, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. S. Islam, K. Ushida, S. Tanaka, T. Makino, and A. Hashimoto, “Effect of boron and nitrogen doping with native point defects on the vibrational properties of graphene,” Computational Materials Science, vol. 94, no. C, pp. 35–43, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Salehi-Khojin, D. Estrada, K. Y. Lin et al., “Polycrystalline graphene ribbons as chemiresistors,” Advanced Materials, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 53–57, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Cagliani, D. M. A. Mackenzie, L. K. Tschammer, F. Pizzocchero, K. Almdal, and P. Bøggild, “Large-area nanopatterned graphene for ultrasensitive gas sensing,” Nano Research, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 743–754, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Lv. Ruitao, G. Chen, Q. Li et al., “Ultrasensitive gas detection of large-area boron-doped graphene,” PNAS, vol. 112, p. 14527, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  8. S. Agnoli and M. Favaro, “Doping graphene with boron: a review of synthesis methods, physicochemical characterization, and emerging applications,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 4, no. 14, pp. 5002–5025, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. Z.-H. Sheng, H.-L. Gao, W.-J. Bao, F.-B. Wang, and X.-H. Xia, “Synthesis of boron doped graphene for oxygen reduction reaction in fuel cells,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 390–395, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. D.-Y. Young, W. Jeon, N. D. K. Tu et al., “High-concentration boron doping of graphene nanoplatelets by simple thermal annealing and their supercapacitive properties,” Scientific Reports, vol. 5, article 9817, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. Lin, F. Huang, J. Liang, and Y. Wang, “A facile preparation route for boron-doped graphene, and its CdTe solar cell application,” Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 862–865, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. Y. Sun, C. Du, M. An et al., “Boron-doped graphene as promising support for platinum catalyst with superior activity towards the methanol electrooxidation reaction,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 300, pp. 245–253, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. X. Li, W. Cai, J. An et al., “Large-area synthesis of high-quality and uniform graphene films on copper foils,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5932, pp. 1312–1314, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. A. Kim, K. Fujisawa, H. Muramatsu et al., “Raman spectroscopy of boron-doped single-layer graphene,” ACS Nano, vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 6293–6300, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. L. S. Panchakarla, K. S. Subrahmanyam, S. K. Saha et al., “Synthesis, structure, and properties of boron- and nitrogen-doped graphene,” Advanced Materials, vol. 21, no. 46, pp. 4726–4730, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. W. Norimatsu, K. Hirata, Y. Yamamoto, S. Arai, and M. Kusunoki, “Epitaxial growth of boron-doped graphene by thermal decomposition of B4C,” Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, vol. 24, no. 31, Article ID 314207, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Jafari, M. Ghoranneviss, and A. Salar Elahi, “Growth and characterization of boron doped graphene by Hot Filament Chemical Vapor Deposition Technique (HFCVD),” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 438, pp. 70–75, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Wu, H. Shen, L. Sun, B. Cheng, B. Liu, and J. Shen, “Nitrogen and boron doped monolayer graphene by chemical vapor deposition using polystyrene, urea and boric acid,” New Journal of Chemistry, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 1385–1391, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. Wang, Y. Zhou, D. Wu et al., “Synthesis of boron-doped graphene monolayers using the sole solid feedstock by chemical vapor deposition,” Small, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 1316–1320, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Cattelan, S. Agnoli, M. Favaro et al., “Microscopic view on a chemical vapor deposition route to boron-doped graphene nanostructures,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 1490–1495, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. Gebhardt, R. J. Koch, W. Zhao et al., “Growth and electronic structure of boron-doped graphene,” Physical Review B—Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 87, no. 15, Article ID 155437, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. L. Zhao, M. Levendorf, S. Goncher et al., “Local atomic and electronic structure of boron chemical doping in monolayer graphene,” Nano Letters, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 4659–4665, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. Kamoi, J. G. Kim, N. Hasuike, K. Kisoda, and H. Harima, “Spectroscopic characterization of nitrogen- and boron-doped graphene layers,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 54, no. 11, Article ID 115101, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. G. C. Mastrapa, M. E. H. M. da Costa, D. G. Larrude, and F. L. Freire, “Synthesis and characterization of graphene layers prepared by low-pressure chemical vapor deposition using triphenylphosphine as precursor,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 166, pp. 37–41, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. J. Nemanich and S. A. Solin, “First- and second-order Raman scattering from finite-size crystals of graphite,” Physical Review B, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 392–401, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko et al., “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science, vol. 320, no. 5881, p. 1308, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. Das, S. Pisana, B. Chakraborty et al., “Monitoring dopants by Raman scattering in an electrochemically top-gated graphene transistor,” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 210–215, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. L. Wang, X. Zhang, F. Yan, H. L. W. Chan, and F. Ding, “Mechanism of boron and nitrogen in situ doping during graphene chemical vapor deposition growth,” Carbon, vol. 98, pp. 633–637, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. F. H. Monteiro, D. G. Larrude, M. E. H. da Costa, L. A. Terrazos, R. B. Capaz, and F. L. Jr. Freire, “Production and characterization of boron-doped single wall carbon nanotubes,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 116, no. 5, pp. 3281–3285, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. L. G. Jacobsohn, R. K. Schulze, M. E. H. Costa, and M. Nastasi, “X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy investigation of boron carbide films deposited by sputtering,” Surface Science, vol. 572, no. 2-3, pp. 418–424, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus