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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 6482186, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6482186
Research Article

Synthesis, Characterization, and Catalytic Activity of Platinum Nanoparticles on Bovine-Bone Powder: A Novel Support

1Centro Conjunto de Investigación en Química Sustentable UAEM-UNAM, Carretera Toluca-Atlacomulco Km 14.5, San Cayetano, 50200 Toluca, MEX, Mexico
2Department of Fiber Science and Apparel Design, Cornell University, 242 Van Rensselaer Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-4203, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Raúl. A. Morales-Luckie; moc.liamg@eikculmar and R. Natividad; moc.liamg@rnanyer

Received 23 June 2017; Revised 4 January 2018; Accepted 21 January 2018; Published 13 March 2018

Academic Editor: Jorge Pérez-Juste

Copyright © 2018 S. A. Gama-Lara et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Pt nanoparticles supported on bovine-bone powder were obtained by a rather simple method consisting of immersing powder of bovine bone into a Pt+4 metal ion solution at room temperature and subsequent reduction by sodium borohydride. This method eliminates the calcination step of the usual catalyst preparation methods. The nanocomposite was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), which revealed uniformly dispersed platinum nanoparticles with average particle size of 2.2 nm ± 0.6 nm. The XPS studies exhibited the presence of 63% Pt° and 37% PtO. The catalytic activity was tested in the hydrogenation of 2-butyne-1,4-diol. The nanocomposite shows good catalytic performance with nearly 100% conversion and 83% selectivity towards 2-butene-1,4-diol.