Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism / 2010 / Article / Tab 2

Clinical Study

Energy Expenditure and Physical Activity in Recovering Malnourished Infants

Table 2

Comparison of 24-hour energy intake, metabolism, and parental interaction between malnourished and healthy infants.

MalnourishedHealthy [8]

24-hour energy intake (kcal/kg/day) 1 4 2 . 7 ± 1 4 . 6 * 8 5 . 1 ± 2 5 . 8
Proportion of energy as carbohydrate (%) 5 5 . 1 ± 3 . 9 * 4 7 . 2 ± 5 . 2
Proportion of energy as protein (%) 1 1 . 1 ± 1 . 5 1 1 . 0 ± 3 . 0
Proportion of energy as fat (%) 3 1 . 8 ± 9 . 2 2 8 . 3 ± 7 . 4
24-hour energy expenditure (EE; kcal/kg/day) 1 0 1 . 3 ± 2 0 . 0 * 7 8 . 7 ± 8 . 4
Sleeping metabolic rate (SMR; kcal/kg/day) 9 2 . 6 ± 1 7 . 1 * 6 5 . 0 ± 3 . 9
24-hour Respiratory Quotient (RQ; VCO2/VO2) 1 . 0 0 ± 0 . 1 3 * 0 . 8 6 ± 0 . 0 8
24-hour PA1 (Oscillations in weight/minute/kg/body weight) 2 . 3 ± 0 . 9 * 4 . 0 ± 1 . 5
Parental interaction (%) 3 0 . 9 ± 8 . 1 3 0 . 6 ± 7 . 5
Crying time (minutes/day) 1 3 3 . 5 ± 5 2 . 5 * 8 8 . 0 ± 4 1 . 8
Sleep (%) 5 7 . 2 ± 6 . 8 * 4 9 . 7 ± 6 . 0

*= 𝑃 < . 0 5 between malnourished and healthy infants by Independent 𝑡 -test
1PA = Physical activity index.

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