Table 3: Trends in SSB Intake among adolescents aged 12–19 years by sex: NHANES III (1988–1994), NHANES 1999-2000, NHANES 2001-2002, and NHANES 2003-2004. Low SSB intake defined as lowest quintile based on NHANES III cutoffs; medium defined as 2nd–4th quintiles; high defined as highest quintile. Mean indicates mean number of serving equivalents of sugar-sweetened beverages reported during 24 hour dietary recall. Significant results are in bold. Abbreviations: SSB, sugar-sweetened beverage; SE, standard error.

NHANES IIINHANES III
Phase IPhase IINHANESNHANESNHANESNHANES IIINHANES
1988–19911991–19941999-20002001-20022003-2004Trends1988–19941999–2004
Mean (SE)Mean (SE)Mean (SE)Mean (SE)Mean (SE)P value(a)Mean (SE)Mean (SE)P value(b)

Males
SSB intake
Overall3.1 (0.1)3.5 (0.2)3.8 (0.2)3.5 (0.3)3.6 (0.1).0483.3 (0.1)3.6 (0.1). 51
Low (0-0.7 serving equivalents)0.02 (0.01)0.09 (0.06).03 (0.01)0.04 (0.01)0.05 (0.02).990.05 (0.03)0.04 (0.01).57
Medium (0.8-4.5 serving equivalents)2.6 (0.1)2.4 (0.1)2.6 (0.1)2.6 (0.04)2.7 (0.1).182.5 (0.1)2.6 (0.04).08
High (4.6-24.2 serving equivalents)6.6 (0.2)6.9 (0.3)7.5 (0.3)7.3 (0.3)7.2 (0.2).086.8 (0.2)7.3 (0.2).03 ?>

Females
SSB intake
Overall2.1 (0.2)2.5 (0.1)2.5 (0.2)2.3 (0.1)2.4 (0.1).352.3 (0.1)2.5 (0.1).30
Low (0–0.7 serving equivalents)0.05 (0.01)0.08 (0.03)0.07 (0.01)0.05 (0.01)0.06 (0.01).920.06 (0.02)0.06 (0.01).93
Medium (0.8–4.5 serving equivalents)2.4 (0.1)2.4 (0.1)2.5 (0.04)2.3 (0.1)2.5 (0.1).442.4 (0.1)2.4 (0.03).47
High (4.6–24.2 serving equivalents)6.1 (0.5)6.2 (0.3)6.6 (0.3)6.7 (0.2)6.3 (0.3).526.2 (0.3)6.5 (0.1).26

(a) 𝑃 value for test for linear trend of sugar-sweetened beverage levels among NHANES III, NHANES 1999-2000, NHANES 2001-2002, NHANES 2003-2004. (b) 𝑃 value comparing NHANES III to NHANES 1999–2004