Figure 2: Increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the MENA. (a) General increase in reported prevalence (%) of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in the MENA between the years 2000 and 2010. Numbers are reported as approximated by the International Diabetes Federation [1215]. The expected 2-fold increase for the year 2030 is approximated based on demographic parameters, without accounting for changes in age strata or other risk factors [16]. (b) Overall growth in annual incidence (per 100,000) of Type 1 diabetes mellitus in children younger than 14 years old in the MENA. Numbers are estimations by the International Diabetes Federation based on various years between 1986 and 2000 [1215].