184710.fig.003
Figure 3: Fasting and postprandial GLP-1 responses to the ingestion of 50 g available carbohydrate of the test breads. Data are means. Standard errors are not included for clarity, 𝑛 = 1 1 . Test bread was ingested after collection of fasting blood sample at time point −15 min. Significant overall treatment effects were found (sourdough bread was lower than 11-grain ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 0 1 ), sprouted-grain ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 0 1 ), and white ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 2 ) breads. 11-grain bread was greater than 12-grain ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 3 ) and white ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 3 ) breads. Sprouted-grain bread was greater than 12-grain ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 9 ) and white ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 ) breads).