Table 1: Physical characteristics and fasting metabolic profile of the patients included in the study.

VariablesWith metabolic syndromeWithout metabolic syndrome 𝑃
m e a n ± S E M m e a n ± S E M

Males/females25/2525/25
Age (y) 5 5 . 3 ± 1 . 1 9 5 0 . 5 ± 1 . 2 1 N.S.
Body mass index (Kg/m2) 3 0 . 1 ± 0 . 7 1 2 6 . 2 ± 0 . 5 0 <0.001
Waist girth (cm) 1 0 0 . 5 ± 2 . 0 1 8 7 . 9 ± 1 . 6 0 <0.001
Waist/Hip ratio 0 . 9 4 ± 0 . 0 1 0 . 8 9 ± 0 . 0 1 <0.01
Serum triglycerides (mg/dL) 1 7 0 . 9 ± 9 . 5 9 1 0 5 . 0 ± 5 . 0 6 <0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 3 7 . 1 ± 1 . 2 7 5 1 . 4 ± 2 . 0 1 <0.001
Apolipoprotein A-I (mg/dL) 1 0 1 . 4 ± 3 . 2 5 1 2 5 . 9 ± 3 . 0 4 <0.001
Apo A-I/HDL-C ratio 2 . 7 8 ± 0 . 0 6 2 . 5 2 ± 0 . 0 5 <0.002
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 2 0 6 . 0 ± 5 . 6 3 1 9 6 . 6 ± 5 . 0 5 N.S.
Apolipoprotein B (mg/dL) 1 1 1 . 9 ± 3 . 6 1 1 0 1 . 8 ± 3 . 3 7 <0.05
Glucose (mg/dL) 1 0 1 . 8 ± 2 . 8 3 8 8 . 6 ± 1 . 1 7 <0.001
Insulin (μU/mL) 1 6 . 8 ± 1 . 4 3 8 . 7 ± 0 . 8 5 <0.001
HOMAIR 4 . 2 9 ± 0 . 4 0 1 . 8 7 ± 0 . 1 6 <0.001

*Student’s t-test for unpaired data.