Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Blood Pressure-Lowering Mechanisms of the DASH Dietary Pattern

Table 2

Baseline characteristics of study participants.

Characteristics1AllControlDASH

N201010
Age, yr 4 4 . 3 ± 7 . 8 4 2 . 4 ± 6 . 3 4 6 . 1 ± 9 . 0 *
Female, n 1367
Race, n
 Caucasian523
 African American1486
 Other101
BMI, kg/m2 3 3 . 9 ± 6 . 6 3 6 . 9 ± 6 . 1 3 1 . 0 ± 5 . 9 *
Alcohol, serv./wk 1 . 0 ± 2 . 3 1 . 1 ± 2 . 7 0 . 9 ± 1 . 9
SBP, mmHg (screening) 1 4 4 . 2 ± 9 . 3 8 1 4 5 . 6 ± 1 1 . 5 1 4 2 . 8 ± 7 . 0 3
DBP, mmHg (screening) 8 8 . 5 ± 6 . 0 3 8 8 . 2 ± 5 . 6 8 8 8 . 8 ± 6 . 6 7

1Mean ± SD. * 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 comparing to the control group using t-test for continuous variables and the Fisher exact test for categorical data.

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