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Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume 2012, Article ID 847202, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/847202
Review Article

Dietary Recommendations for the Prevention of Type 2 diabetes: What Are They Based on?

1Diabetes Research, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 5WW, UK
2Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 5WW, UK

Received 26 July 2011; Accepted 24 November 2011

Academic Editor: Tai C. Chen

Copyright © 2012 Patrice Carter et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Type 2 diabetes is increasing in all populations and all age groups across the world. Areas undergoing rapid westernisation and rapid nutrition transition are seeing the greatest increases in prevalence suggesting that environmental factors are important. Studies from around the world have shown that dietary modification for the prevention of T2DM can be successful; however which dietary factors are important remains to be fully elucidated. The WHO, ADA, and Diabetes UK have developed guidelines for the prevention of T2DM even though the WHO states that data from lifestyle modification programmes does not allow for the disentanglement of dietary factors. Aim of Review. The aim of this focused review is to evaluate the current dietary recommendations for the prevention of T2DM. In addition we aim to explore the available evidence from both observation studies and clinical trials to determine whether these recommendations are appropriate.