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Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume 2012, Article ID 913965, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/913965
Research Article

Effects on Metabolic Health after a 1-Year-Lifestyle Intervention in Overweight and Obese Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial

1Department of Food and Nutrition, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden
2Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden

Received 29 April 2011; Revised 13 July 2011; Accepted 13 July 2011

Academic Editor: Philip C. Calder

Copyright © 2012 Maria Waling et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate the effect of a family-based intervention on anthropometric and metabolic markers in overweight and obese children. Methods. Overweight or obese 8–12 years olds (n = 93) were randomized into intervention or control groups. The intervention group participated in a program aiming for lifestyle changes regarding food habits and physical activity. Anthropometric measures and venous blood samples were collected from all children at baseline and after 1 year. Results. BMI z-scores decreased in both groups, 0.22 (P = 0.002) and 0.23 (P = 0.003) in intervention and control group, respectively, during the 1-year study, but there was no difference in BMI between the groups at 1-year measurement (P = 0.338). After 1 year, there was a significant difference in waist circumference, waist/hip ratio, and apolipoprotein B/A1 ratio between intervention and control group. Conclusions. The intervention had limited effects on anthropometrics and metabolic markers, which emphasizes the need of preventing childhood overweight and obesity.