Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume 2013, Article ID 724781, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/724781
Clinical Study

Cut-Off Values of Visceral Adiposity to Predict NAFLD in Brazilian Obese Adolescents

1Post Graduate Program of Nutrition, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina (UNIFESP-EPM), Rua Marselhesa, 630 Vila Clementino, 04020-060 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2Weigth Science Department, Rua Teodoro Sampaio, 744 Jardim Paulista, 05406-000 São Paulo, Brazil
3Biosciences Department, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Campus Baixada Santista, Rua Silva Jardim 136, 11015-020 Santos, Brazil
4Department of Psychobiology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina (UNIFESP-EPM), Rua Marselhesa, 630 Vila Clementino, 04020-060 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
5Post Graduate Program of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Campus Baixada Santista, Rua Silva Jardim 136, 11015-020 Santos, Brazil

Received 11 August 2013; Accepted 22 October 2013

Academic Editor: Michael B. Zemel

Copyright © 2013 Ana Paula Grotti Clemente et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. C. Han, D. A. Lawlor, and S. Y. Kimm, “Childhood obesity,” The Lancet, vol. 375, no. 9727, pp. 1737–1748, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. J. Yoo, M. S. Park, C. H. Lee et al., “Cutoff points of abdominal obesity indices in screening for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in Asians,” Liver International, vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 1189–1196, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. Tock, W. L. Prado, D. A. Caranti et al., “Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease decrease in obese adolescents after multidisciplinary therapy,” European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1241–1245, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. A. Caranti, A. Sartorio, A. de Piano et al., “Visceral adiposity cut-off points to indicate risk factor to develop the nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in Brazilian and Italian obese adolescents,” European e-Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. e238–e242, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. B. Schwimmer, R. Deutsch, T. Kahen, J. E. Lavine, C. Stanley, and C. Behling, “Prevalence of fatty liver in children and adolescents,” Pediatrics, vol. 118, no. 4, pp. 1388–1393, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. Loomba, C. B. Sirlin, J. B. Schwimmer, and J. E. Lavine, “Advances in pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease,” Hepatology, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 1282–1293, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. E. Feldstein, P. Charatcharoenwitthaya, S. Treeprasertsuk, J. T. Benson, F. B. Enders, and P. Angulo, “The natural history of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in children: a follow-up study for up to 20 years,” Gut, vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 1538–1544, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. R. Dâmaso, W. L. do Prado, A. de Piano et al., “Relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease prevalence and visceral fat in obese adolescents,” Digestive and Liver Disease, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 132–139, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. F. Fallo, A. Dalla Pozza, N. Sonino et al., “Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in essential hypertension,” Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 646–653, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Alp, S. Karaarslan, B. Selver Eklioglu et al., “Association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular risk in obese children and adolescents,” Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 1118–1125, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. S. Petta, M. C. Amato, V. Di Marco et al., “Visceral adiposity index is associated with significant fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease,” Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 238–247, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. S. Burgert, S. E. Taksali, J. Dziura et al., “Alanine aminotransferase levels and fatty liver in childhood obesity: associations with insulin resistance, adiponectin, and visceral fat,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 91, no. 11, pp. 4287–4294, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. de Onis, A. W. Onyango, E. Borghi, A. Siyam, C. Nishida, and J. Siekmann, “Development of a WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 85, no. 9, pp. 660–667, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. M. Tanner and R. H. Whitehouse, “Clinical longitudinal standards for height, weight, height velocity, weight velocity, and stages of puberty,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 170–179, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. World Health Organization, “Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry,” Report of A WHO Expert Committee, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, http://whqlibdoc.who.int/trs/WHO_TRS_854.pdf.
  16. E. M. González-Gil, G. Bueno-Lozano, O. Bueno-Lozano et al., “Serum transaminases concentrations in obese children and adolescents,” Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 51–60, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. B. Schwimmer, R. Deutsch, J. B. Rauch, C. Behling, R. Newbury, and J. E. Lavine, “Obesity, insulin resistance, and other clinicopathological correlates of pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 143, no. 4, pp. 500–505, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. F. F. Ribeiro-Filho, A. N. Faria, S. Azjen, M.-T. Zanella, and S. R. G. Ferreira, “Methods of estimation of visceral fat: advantages of ultrasonography,” Obesity Research, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1488–1494, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. Kotronen and H. Yki-Järvinen, “Fatty liver: a novel component of the metabolic syndrome. Arteriosclerosis,” Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 27–38, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  20. S. Zhu, Z. Wang, S. Heshka, M. Heo, M. S. Faith, and S. B. Heymsfield, “Waist circumference and obesity-associated risk factors among whites in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: clinical action thresholds,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 743–749, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. M. Patton, K. Yates, A. Unalp-Arida et al., “Association between metabolic syndrome and liver histology among children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease,” The American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 105, no. 9, pp. 2093–2102, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Y. Kim, S. Oh, M. R. Chang et al., “Comparability and utility of body composition measurement versus anthropometric measurement for assessing obesity related health risks in Korean men,” International Journal of Clinical Practice, no. 67, pp. 73–80, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  23. I. Ciba and K. Widhalm, “The association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and insulin resistance in 20 obese children and adolescents,” Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. 109–112, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. Aygun, O. Senturk, S. Hulagu et al., “Serum levels of hepatoprotective peptide adiponectin in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease,” European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 175–180, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Y. Takahashi and T. Fukusato, “Pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: overview with emphasis on histology,” World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 16, no. 42, pp. 5280–5285, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. A. Devadason and A. O. Scheimann, “Overview of screening methods for fatty liver disease in children,” World Journal of Hepatology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–4, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  27. J. B. Schwimmer, N. McGreal, R. Deutsch, M. J. Finegold, and J. E. Lavine, “Influence of gender, race, and ethnicity on suspected fatty liver in obese adolescents,” Pediatrics, vol. 115, no. 5, pp. e561–e565, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. M. Clark, F. L. Brancati, and A. M. Diehl, “Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease,” Gastroenterology, vol. 122, no. 6, pp. 1649–1657, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. N. C. Facg, Z. Y. Facg, J. E. Lavini et al., “The diagnosis and management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: practice guideline by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, American College of Gastroenterology, and the American Gastroenterological Association,” Hepatology, vol. 55, no. 6, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  30. A. de Piano, L. Tock, J. Carnier et al., “Negative correlation between neuropeptide Y/agouti-related protein concentration and adiponectinemia in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease obese adolescents submitted to a long-term interdisciplinary therapy,” Metabolism, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 613–619, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. W. H. Sun, M. Q. Song, C. Q. Jiang et al., “Lifestyle intervention in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in Chengyang District, Qingdao, China,” World Journal of Hepatology, no. 7, pp. 224–230, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  32. D. Joy, V. R. Thava, and B. B. Scott, “Diagnosis of fatty liver disease: is biopsy necessary?” European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 539–543, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. Shannon, N. Alkhouri, C. Carter-Kent et al., “Ultrasonographic quantitative estimation of hepatic steatosis in children With NAFLD,” Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 190–195, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. C. C. Mottin, M. Moretto, A. V. Padoin et al., “The role of ultrasound in the diagnosis of hepatic steatosis in morbidly obese patients,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 635–637, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. K. K. Soo, J. K. Hae, Y. H. Kyu et al., “Visceral fat thickness measured by ultrasonography can estimate not only visceral obesity but also risks of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 79, no. 4, pp. 593–599, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus