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Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume 2014, Article ID 506434, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/506434
Research Article

Nutritional Knowledge and Attitudes of Adolescent Swimmers in Trinidad and Tobago

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Faculty of Food and Agriculture, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

Received 24 November 2013; Accepted 3 January 2014; Published 11 February 2014

Academic Editor: C. S. Johnston

Copyright © 2014 Marquitta C. Webb and Safiya E. Beckford. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To investigate the level of nutrition knowledge and attitude of adolescent male and female swimmers training competitively in Trinidad and Tobago. Methodology. A self-administered questionnaire, which consisted of 21 nutrition knowledge and 11 attitude statements, was utilized to assess the level of nutrition knowledge and attitude of adolescent swimmers. For the assessment of nutrition knowledge, correct answers were given a score of “1” and incorrect answers were given a score of “0.” For the evaluation of attitude towards nutrition, a score ranging from 1 to 5 was assigned to each response; “5” was given to the most positive response, and “1” was given to the most negative. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21.0. Results. Two hundred and twenty swimmers with a mean age of completed the questionnaire. The mean nutrition knowledge score was and mean attitude score was . Nutrition knowledge was positively and significantly related to the number of reported nutrition sources ( , ). Nutrition knowledge was positively and significantly related to the attitude ( , ). Conclusions and Implication. Athletes lack nutrition knowledge but have a positive attitude towards nutrition, which may indicate receptiveness to future nutrition education.