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Retracted

Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism has retracted this article. The authors have noted that the potassium values should have been multiplied by 10, and this will substantially alter the conclusion of the article.

View the full Retraction here.

References

  1. D. O. Yawson, M. O. Adu, B. Ason, F. A. Armah, E. Boateng, and R. Quansah, “Ghanaians might be at risk of inadequate dietary intake of potassium,” Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, vol. 2016, Article ID 3150498, 8 pages, 2016.
Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume 2016, Article ID 3150498, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3150498
Research Article

Ghanaians Might Be at Risk of Inadequate Dietary Intake of Potassium

1Department of Soil Science, School of Agriculture, College of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
2Department of Crop Science, School of Agriculture, College of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
3Soil Research Institute, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Accra, Ghana
4Department of Environmental Science, School of Biological Science, College of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
5Department of Biological, Environmental & Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana

Received 12 July 2016; Revised 27 September 2016; Accepted 27 October 2016

Academic Editor: Pedro Moreira

Copyright © 2016 David Oscar Yawson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Adequate dietary intake of potassium (K) helps fight noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), mainly hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. This paper (i) estimated the K intake of Ghanaian population using food supply and food composition data and (ii) compared this estimate with the WHO recommended requirement for K in order to assess if there is a risk of inadequate K intake. Food supply data (1961–2011) was obtained from the FAO Food Balance Sheet (FBS) to derive trends in food and K supply. The average food supply in the FBS for 2010 and 2011 was used in assessing the risk of inadequate dietary intake of K. The K contents of the food items were obtained from food composition databases. The mean K supply per capita per day was approximately 856 mg. The assessment suggests a potentially large risk of inadequate dietary K supply at both individual and population levels. The results suggest the need for assessing options for managing K deficiency, including assessment of K supplying power of soils and K fertilizer management in food crop production systems, as well as empirical estimates of K content of food items (including those underreported in the FBS) and mixed diets in Ghana.