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Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1096015, 7 pages
Research Article

Dietary Fiber Intake among Normal-Weight and Overweight Female Health Care Workers: An Exploratory Nested Case-Control Study within FINALE-Health

1Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden
2Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense, Denmark
3Department of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Kløvervænget 3, Indgang, 5000 Odense, Denmark
4Department of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, JB Winsløwsvej 9A, 5000 Odense, Denmark

Correspondence should be addressed to Jenny Hadrévi

Received 7 April 2017; Revised 2 August 2017; Accepted 10 October 2017; Published 13 November 2017

Academic Editor: Luigi Schiavo

Copyright © 2017 Jenny Hadrévi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Socioeconomic factors affect choice of diet, that is, dietary fiber intake. Underreporting of food consumption in diet surveys has been reported higher in low-income, low-education groups compared to high-income, high-education groups. This paper examines in a socioeconomic homogenous low-income low-education group of females the relation between dietary fiber intake and overweight and scrutinizes if the level of underreporting is equally large in normal-weight and overweight groups. Thirty-four female health care workers classified as either normal-weight () or obese () based on BMI, fat percentage, and waist circumference participated. A detailed food-diary was used to record their dietary intake in 9 days. Average dietary fiber intake in the normal-weight group was 2.73 +/− 0.65 g/MJ, while it was 2.15 +/− 0.64 g/MJ for the women in the obese group. In both groups, the overall food intake was underreported. In spite of a significantly lower dietary fiber intake in the obese group, the present population of women working within health care all showed an overall low dietary fiber intake and a general underreporting of food intake. These results indicate a clear need for dietary advice especially on fiber intake to increase general health and decrease weight.