Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism / 2020 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Dietary Intake across Reproductive Life Stages of Women in India: A Cross-Sectional Survey from 4 Districts of India

Table 5

Energy and nutrients intake as percentage of the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) among women and girls (n = 1687).

NutrientsAdolescent girls n = 223, N (%)Newly married females n = 532, N (%)Pregnant women n = 477, N (%)Lactating mothers n = 455, N (%)

Energy (kcal)
 <50% RDA64 (28.7)63 (11.8)111 (23.3)135 (29.7)
 50–70% RDA81 (36.3)168 (31.6)174 (36.5)162 (35.6)
 >70% RDA78 (35)301 (56.6)192 (40.3)158 (34.7)

Protein (g)
 <50% RDA49 (21.9)92 (17.3)243 (50.9)180 (39.6)
 50–70% RDA72 (32.2)184 (34.6)157 (32.9)155 (34.1)
 >70% RDA102 (45.7)256 (48.1)77 (16.1)120 (26.4)

Fat (g)
 <50% RDA53 (23.7)17 (3.2)64 (13.4)63 (13.8)
 50–70% RDA49 (21.9)55 (10.3)80 (16.8)67 (14.7)
 >70% RDA121 (54.2)460 (86.5)333 (69.8)325 (71.4)

Iron (mg)
 <50% RDA157 (70.4)242 (45.5)386 (80.9)185 (40.7)
 50–70% RDA39 (17.5)138 (25.9)48 (10.1)130 (28.6)
 >70% RDA27 (12.1)152 (28.6)43 (9)140 (30.8)

Calcium (mg)
 <50% RDA162 (72.6)279 (52.4)366 (76.7)370 (81.3)
 50–70% RDA29 (13)89 (16.7)56 (11.7)43 (9.5)
 >70% RDA32 (14.4)164 (30.8)55 (11.5)42 (9.2)

Zinc (mg)
 <50% RDA127 (56.9)217 (40.8)305 (63.9)273 (60)
 50–70% RDA58 (26)204 (38.3)107 (22.4)118 (25.9)
 >70% RDA38 (17)111 (20.9)65 (13.6)204 (38.3)

Vitamin C (mg)
 <50% RDA51 (22.9)152 (28.6)173 (36.3)235 (51.6)
 50–70% RDA26 (11.7)68 (12.8)58 (12.2)63 (13.8)
 >70% RDA146 (65.5)312 (58.6)246 (51.6)157 (34.5)

Folic acid (mcg)
 <50% RDA95 (42.6)255 (47.9)458 (96)354 (77.8)
 50–70% RDA63 (28.2)148 (27.8)17 (3.6)68 (14.9)
 >70% RDA65 (29.2)129 (24.2)2 (0.4)33 (7.3)

g, gram; mg, milligram; mcg, microgram; kcal, kilocalorie.

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