Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism / 2021 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Stunting and Associated Factors among Under-Five-Age Children in West Guji Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

Table 2

Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses for stunting among under-five-age children in West Guji Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia, 2020.

Height for age
Stunted (−2 SD) no. (%)Normal no. (%)COR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)P value

Maternal education
 No formal education108 (38.6)172 (61.4)2.00 (1.23, 3.25)1.68 (0.96, 2.95)0.068
 Primary education108 (29.2)262 (70.8)1.31 (0.81, 2.12)1.09 (0.63, 1.89)0.752
 Secondary and above28 (23.9)89 (76.1)11

Family size
 ≤543 (23.1)143 (76.9)11
 >5201 (34.6)380 (65.4)1.76 (1.20, 2.58)1.54 (0.99, 2.37)0.051

Husband had polygamy
 No96 (19.6)394 (80.4)11
 Yes148 (53.4)129 (46.6)4.71 (3.40, 6.52)4.92 (3.46, 7.00)<0.001

Household’s wealth
 Wealthy17 (12.2)122 (87.8)11
 Medium100 (33.0)203 (67.0)3.54 (2.02, 6.20)2.07 (1.10, 3.87)0.023
 Poor127 (39.1)198 (60.9)4.60 (2.62, 8.01)3.03 (1.63, 5.63)<0.001

Sex of child
 Male101 (26.0)288 (74.0)11
 Female143 (37.8)235 (62.2)1.74 (1.28, 2.36)1.74 (1.23, 2.47)0.002

Meal frequency
 ≤ 4 meals per day229 (35.5)416 (64.5)3.93 (2.23, 6.90)2.95 (1.56, 5.58)0.001
 >  4 meals per day15 (12.3)107 (87.7)11

Household food insecurity
 Food secure30 (25.4)88 (74.6)11
 Mild/Moderately insecure189 (32.4)395 (67.6)1.40 (0.90, 2.20)1.56 (0.93, 2.63)0.091
 Severely insecure25 (38.5)40 (61.5)1.83 (0.96, 3.51)2.92 (1.36, 6.24)0.006

Child vaccinated
 Yes45 (24.5)139 (75.5)11
 No199 (34.1)384 (65.9)1.60 (1.10, 2.33)1.75 (1.15, 2.67)0.009