Table of Contents
Journal of Nanoparticles
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 531871, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/531871
Review Article

Naturally Self-Assembled Nanosystems and Their Templated Structures for Photonic Applications

Nanophotonics Lab, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016, India

Received 25 January 2013; Accepted 24 February 2013

Academic Editor: Amir Kajbafvala

Copyright © 2013 K. Pradeesh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Self-assembly has the advantage of fabricating structures of complex functionalities, from molecular levels to as big as macroscopic levels. Natural self-assembly involves self-aggregation of one or more materials (organic and/or inorganic) into desired structures while templated self-assembly involves interstitial space filling of diverse nature entities into self-assembled ordered/disordered templates (both from molecular to macro levels). These artificial and engineered new-generation materials offer many advantages over their individual counterparts. This paper reviews and explores the advantages of such naturally self-assembled hybrid molecular level systems and template-assisted macro-/microstructures targeting simple and low-cost device-oriented fabrication techniques, structural flexibility, and a wide range of photonic applications.