Table of Contents
Journal of Nanoparticles
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 302429, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/302429
Review Article

Green Chemistry Based Benign Routes for Nanoparticle Synthesis

1Centre for Nano Sciences, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, India
2Department of Pharmaceutics, Hindu College of Pharmacy, Sonepat, Haryana, India
3School of Chemical Sciences, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, India
4Department of Biotechnology, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

Received 13 December 2013; Accepted 27 January 2014; Published 24 March 2014

Academic Editor: Gunjan Agarwal

Copyright © 2014 Parth Malik et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Green chemistry has been an eye catching area of interest since the past few years. With the problem of energy crisis looming high and its constraint being particularly vulnerable on the developing economies, the need for giving alternative traditional chemistry a serious consideration as well as adequate room for development has received significant boost through the coveted efforts of multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary scientific fields. Nanoscience has been the right field in this dimension as it opens up the door to multiple opportunities through enabling a number of chemical, biochemical, and biophysical transformations in a significantly easier and reliable manner. The use of nanoparticles has made the fields of catalysis, synthesis, and enzyme immobilizations as well as molecular interactions a lot much easier, rapid and easily controllable. This review article sheds light on the popular alternative synthesis routes being employed for the synthesis of nanoparticles, the pivotal being from microbes, plants, and chemical routes via sonication, microwaving, and many others.