Table of Contents
Journal of Nanoparticles
Volume 2016, Article ID 6539581, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6539581
Research Article

Dispersion of Titanium Oxide Nanoparticles in Aqueous Solution with Anionic Stabilizer via Ultrasonic Wave

1Department of Chemical Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan
2Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan

Received 23 May 2016; Revised 3 October 2016; Accepted 18 October 2016

Academic Editor: Jean-Francois Hochepied

Copyright © 2016 Wen-Bin Tsai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper aims to reveal the effects of odium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) and polyacrylic acid (PAA) on dispersion of TiO2 (P25) nanopowder in de-ionic water through ultrasonic horn. We characterized TiO2 suspension by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), zeta potential, and surface contact angle instruments. As shown in the results, particularly, it were noticed that (1) the SHMP has better dispersion than PAA due to electronegativity effect, resulting in that the average particle size of the dispersed titanium dioxide in de-ionic water was roughly 92 nm, and (2) the zeta potential of TiO2 suspension with SHMP can be achieved by 54 mV at pH value of 7.7, causing stronger electrostatic repulsion in the suspension solution, compared with PAA.