Table of Contents
Journal of Nanoscience
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 785064, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/785064
Research Article

Synthesis of Silver-Doped Zinc Oxide Nanocomposite by Pulse Mode Ultrasonication and Its Characterization Studies

1Department of Animal Science, Bharathidasan University, Trichy 620024, India
2Department of Virology, King’s Institute of Preventive Medicine, Guindy, Chennai 600032, India
3Department of Zoology, Seethalakshmi Ramaswami College, Trichy 620002, India

Received 23 April 2013; Revised 8 July 2013; Accepted 30 July 2013

Academic Editor: Oleg I. Lupan

Copyright © 2013 T. Siva Vijayakumar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. K. Mishra, V. S. K. Chakravadhanula, V. Hrkac et al., “Crystal growth behaviour in Au-ZnO nanocomposite under different annealing environments and photoswitchability,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 112, Article ID 064308, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  2. K. Nomura, H. Ohta, K. Ueda, T. Kamiya, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Thin-film transistor fabricated in single-crystalline transparent oxide semiconductor,” Science, vol. 300, no. 5623, pp. 1269–1272, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Y. Lee, E. S. Shim, H. S. Kang, S. S. Pang, and J. S. Kang, “Fabrication of ZnO thin film diode using laser annealing,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 473, no. 1, pp. 31–34, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. Könenkamp, R. C. Word, and C. Schlegel, “Vertical nanowire light-emitting diode,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 85, no. 24, pp. 6004–6006, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Z. L. Wang, X. Y. Kong, Y. Ding et al., “Semiconducting and piezoelectric oxide nanostructures induced by polar surfaces,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 943–956, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Y. Ushio, M. Miyayama, and H. Yanagida, “Effects of interface states on gas-sensing properties of a CuO/ZnO thin-film heterojunction,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 221–226, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Harima, “Raman studies on spintronics materials based on wide bandgap semiconductors,” Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, vol. 16, no. 48, pp. S5653–S5660, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. J. Pearton, W. H. Heo, M. Ivill, D. P. Norton, and T. Steiner, “Dilute magnetic semiconducting oxides,” Semiconductor Science and Technology, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. R59–R74, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. Wang and M. Muhammed, “Synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles with controlled morphology,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 2871–2878, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. E. Rodríguez-Paéz, A. C. Caballero, M. Villegas, C. Moure, P. Durán, and J. F. Fernández, “Controlled precipitation methods: formation mechanism of ZnO nanoparticles,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 925–930, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. V. Khrenov, M. Klapper, M. Koch, and K. Müllen, “Surface functionalized ZnO particles designed for the use in transparent nanocomposites,” Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, vol. 206, no. 1, pp. 95–101, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. I. A. Toutorski, T. E. Tkachenko, B. V. Pokidko, N. I. Maliavski, and V. I. Sidorov, “Mechanical properties and structure of zinc-containing latex-silicate composites,” Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, vol. 26, no. 1–3, pp. 505–509, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Purica, E. Budianu, E. Rusu, M. Danila, and R. Gavrila, “Optical and structural investigation of ZnO thin films prepared by chemical vapor deposition (CVD),” Thin Solid Films, vol. 403-404, pp. 485–488, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. Audebrand, J.-P. Auffrédic, and D. Louër, “X-ray diffraction study of the early stages of the growth of nanoscale zinc oxide crystallites obtained from thermal decomposition of four precursors. General concepts on precursor dependent micro structural properties,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 2450–2461, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Y. Yang, H. Chen, B. Zhao, and X. Bao, “Size control of ZnO nanoparticles via thermal decomposition of zinc acetate coated on organic additives,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 263, no. 1–4, pp. 447–453, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. Polsongkram, P. Chamninok, S. Pukird et al., “Effect of synthesis conditions on the growth of ZnO nanorods via hydrothermal method,” Physica B, vol. 403, no. 19-20, pp. 3713–3717, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C.-H. Lu and C.-H. Yeh, “Influence of hydrothermal conditions on the morphology and particle size of zinc oxide powder,” Ceramics International, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 351–357, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Y. Zhu and Y. Zhou, “Preparation of pure ZnO nanoparticles by a simple solid-state reaction method,” Applied Physics A, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 275–278, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. Tani, L. Mädler, and S. E. Pratsinis, “Homogeneous ZnO nanoparticles by flame spray pyrolysis,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 337–343, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Jebril, H. Kuhlmann, S. Müller et al., “Epitactically interpenetrated high quality ZnO nanostructured junctions on microchips grown by the vapor-liquid-solid method,” Crystal Growth and Design, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 2842–2846, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Singhal, V. Chhabra, P. Kang, and D. O. Shah, “Synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles for varistor application using Zn-substituted aerosol OT microemulsion,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 239–247, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. B. P. Lim, J. Wang, S. C. Ng, C. H. Chew, and L. M. Gan, “A bicontinuous microemulsion route to zinc oxide powder,” Ceramics International, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 205–209, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Inoguchi, K. Suzuki, K. Kageyama, H. Takagi, and Y. Sakabe, “Monodispersed and well-crystallized zinc oxide nanoparticles fabricated by microemulsion method,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 91, no. 12, pp. 3850–3855, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Hingorani, V. Pillai, P. Kumar, M. S. Multani, and D. O. Shah, “Microemulsion mediated synthesis of zinc-oxide nanoparticles for varistor studies,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 28, no. 12, pp. 1303–1310, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. Hingorani, D. O. Shah, and M. S. Multani, “Effect of process variables on the grain growth and microstructure of ZnO-Bi2O3 varistors and their nanosize ZnO precursors,” Journal of Materials Research, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 461–467, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. X. D. Gao, X. M. Li, and W. D. Yu, “Structural and morphological evolution of ZnO cluster film prepared by the ultrasonic irradiation assisted solution route,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 484, no. 1-2, pp. 160–164, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. K.-K. Kim, H.-S. Kim, D.-K. Hwang, J.-H. Lim, and S.-J. Park, “Realization of p-type ZnO thin films via phosphorus doping and thermal activation of the dopant,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 83, no. 1, pp. 63–65, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. Y. Gao, T. Seyller, L. Ley et al., “Al2O3 prepared by atomic layer deposition as gate dielectric on 6H-SiC(0001),” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 83, no. 9, pp. 1830–1832, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. D. C. Look, G. M. Renlund, R. H. Burgener II, and J. R. Sizelove, “As-doped p-type ZnO produced by an evaporation/sputtering process,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 85, no. 22, article 3, pp. 5269–5271, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. Y. J. Zeng, Z. Z. Ye, W. Z. Xu et al., “Dopant source choice for formation of p -type ZnO: Li acceptor,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 88, no. 6, Article ID 062107, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. Limpijumnong, S. B. Zhang, S.-H. Wei, and C. H. Park, “Doping by large-size-mismatched impurities: the microscopic origin of arsenicor antimony-doped p-type zinc oxide,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 92, no. 15, Article ID 155504, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. X. Pan, Z. Ye, J. Li et al., “Fabrication of Sb-doped p-type ZnO thin films by pulsed laser deposition,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 253, no. 11, pp. 5067–5069, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. F. X. Xiu, Z. Yang, L. J. Mandalapu, D. T. Zhao, J. L. Liu, and W. P. Beyermann, “High-mobility Sb-doped p-type ZnO by molecular-beam epitaxy,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 87, no. 15, Article ID 152101, 3 pages, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. F. X. Xiu, Z. Yang, L. J. Mandalapu, D. T. Zhao, and J. L. Liu, “Photoluminescence study of Sb-doped p -type ZnO films by molecular-beam epitaxy,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 87, no. 25, Article ID 252102, 3 pages, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. R. Chauhan, A. Kumar, and R. P. Chaudhary, “Synthesis and characterization of silver doped ZnO nanoparticles,” Archives of Applied Science Research, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 378–385, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  36. O. Lupan, L. Chow, L. K. Ono et al., “Synthesis and characterization of ag- or sb-doped zno nanorods by a facile hydrothermal route,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 114, no. 29, pp. 12401–12408, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. C. X. Mei, J. Yong, G. X. Yong, and Z. X. Wei, “Ag-doped ZnO nanorods synthesized by two-step method,” Chinese Physics B, vol. 11, no. 21, Article ID 116801, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  38. M. Mahanti and D. Basak, “Ag-ZnO nanorods having enhanced emission and photocurrent properties,” AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1447, pp. 713–714, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  39. Y. Zhang and J. Mu, “One-pot synthesis, photoluminescence, and photocatalysis of Ag/ZnO composites,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 309, no. 2, pp. 478–484, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. V. G. Pol, A. Gedanken, and J. Calderon-Moreno, “Deposition of gold nanoparticles on silica spheres: a sonochemical approach,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 1111–1118, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. K. Singh, S. Kumar, N. K. Verma, and H. S. Bhatti, “Photoluminescence properties of Eu3+-doped Cd1−x Znx S quantum dots,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1017–1021, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. Z. Li, Y. Ding, Y. Xiong, Q. Yang, and Y. Xie, “Room-temperature surface-erosion route to ZnO nanorod arrays and urchin-like assemblies,” Chemistry, vol. 10, no. 22, pp. 5823–5828, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. U. Pal and P. Santiago, “Controlling the morphology of ZnO nanostructures in a low-temperature hydrothermal process,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 109, no. 32, pp. 15317–15321, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. Y. Zheng, C. Chen, Y. Zhan et al., “Photocatalytic activity of Ag/ZnO heterostructure nanocatalyst: correlation between structure and property,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 29, pp. 10773–10777, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. Y. J. Kwon, K. H. Kim, C. S. Lim, and K. B. Shim, “Characterization of ZnO nanopowders synthesized by the polymerized complex method via an organochemical route,” Journal of Ceramic Processing Research, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 146–149, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. R. F. Silva and M. E. D. Zaniquelli, “Morphology of nanometric size particulate aluminium-doped zinc oxide films,” Colloids and Surfaces A, vol. 198–200, pp. 551–558, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. H. Li, J. Wang, H. Liu et al., “Sol-Gel preparation of transparent zinc oxide films with highly preferential crystal orientation,” Vacuum, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 57–62, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. S. Kurien, S. Sebastian, J. Mathew, and K. C. George, “Structural and electrical properties of nano-sized magnesium aluminate,” Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Physics, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 926–933, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. B. S. R. Devi, R. Raveendran, and A. V. Vaidyan, “Synthesis and characterization of Mn2+-doped ZnS nanoparticles,” Pramana, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 679–687, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. S. Suwanboon, “Structural and optical properties of nanocrystalline ZnO powder from sol-gel method,” ScienceAsia, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 31–34, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. A. H. Shah, E. Manikandan, M. Basheer Ahmed, and V. Ganesan, “Enhanced bioactivity of Ag/ZnO nanorods-A comparative antibacterial Study,” Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 2–6, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  52. D. Sahu, B. S. Acharya, and A. K. Panda, “Role of Ag ions on the structural evolution of nano ZnO clusters synthesized through ultrasonication and their optical properties,” Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 601–607, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. H. Karami and E. Fakoori, “Synthesis and characterization of ZnO nanorods based on a new gel pyrolysis method,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2011, Article ID 628203, 11 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. Y. Ni, X. Cao, G. Wu, G. Hu, Z. Yang, and X. Wei, “Preparation, characterization and property study of zinc oxide nanoparticles via a simple solution-combusting method,” Nanotechnology, vol. 18, no. 15, Article ID 155603, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. E. A. Meulenkamp, “Synthesis and growth of ZnO nanoparticles,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 102, no. 29, pp. 5566–5572, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. Y. W. Koh, M. Lin, C. K. Tan, Y. L. Foo, and K. P. Loh, “Self-assembly and selected area growth of zinc oxide nanorods on any surface promoted by an aluminum precoat,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 108, no. 31, pp. 11419–11425, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. H. Zhang, D. Yang, Y. Ji, X. Ma, J. Xu, and D. Que, “Low temperature synthesis of flowerlike zno nanostructures by cetyltrimethylammonium bromide-assisted hydrothermal process,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 108, no. 13, pp. 3955–3958, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. S. López-Cuenca, L. A. Pérez Carrillo, M. Rabelero Velasco et al., “High-yield synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles from bicontinuous microemulsions,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2011, Article ID 431382, 6 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. K. Nejati, Z. Rezvani, and R. Pakizevand, “Synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles and investigation of the ionic template effect on their size and shape,” International Nano Letters, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 75–81, 2011. View at Google Scholar