Table of Contents
Journal of Nanoscience
Volume 2014, Article ID 201482, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/201482
Research Article

Comparative Study on the Synergistic Action of Differentially Synthesized Silver Nanoparticles with β-Cephem Antibiotics and Chloramphenicol

1Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, University of Kerala, Kariavattom Campus, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695581, India
2Department of Biotechnology, University of Kerala, Kariavattom Campus, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695581, India

Received 31 July 2014; Revised 27 October 2014; Accepted 27 October 2014; Published 13 November 2014

Academic Editor: Mingwang Shao

Copyright © 2014 Neethu Hari et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. L. Mandel and A. M. Sande, “Penicillins, cephalosporins, and other beta-lactam antibiotics,” in The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, A. Goodman Gilman, T. W. Rall, A. S. Nies, and P. Taylor, Eds., pp. 1271–1291, Pergamon Press, New York, NY, USA, 8th edition, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  2. A. L. Demain and R. P. Blander, “The β-lactam antibiotics: past, present, and future,” Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, vol. 75, no. 1-2, pp. 5–19, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. Ito, M. Hayasaki, and T. Tamaya, “Pharmacokinetics of cephem antibiotics in exudate of pelvic retroperitoneal space after radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 1160–1164, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Q. L. Feng, J. Wu, G. Q. Chen, F. Z. Cui, T. N. Kim, and J. O. Kim, “A mechanistic study of the antibacterial effect of silver ions on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 662–668, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  5. I. Sondi and B. Salopek-Sondi, “Silver nanoparticles as antimicrobial agent: a case study on E. coli as a model for Gram-negative bacteria,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 275, no. 1, pp. 177–182, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. F. Espinosa-Cristóbal, G. A. Martínez-Castañón, R. E. Martínez-Martínez, J. P. Loyola-Rodríguez, J. F. Reyes-Macías, and F. Ruiz, “Antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles against Streptococcus mutans,” Materials Letters, vol. 63, no. 29, pp. 2603–2606, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. C. Berenbaum, “A method for testing for synergy with any number of agents,” The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 137, no. 2, pp. 122–130, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. E. Jawetz, “The use of combinations of antimicrobial drugs,” Annual Review of Pharmacology, vol. 8, pp. 151–170, 1968. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. E. Vivekanandan, K. G. Raj, S. Kumaresana, and M. Pandib, “Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticle activity against bacterial strain, cephalexin antibiotic synergistic activity,” International Journal of Current Science, vol. 4, pp. 1–7, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  10. P. C. Lee and D. Meisel, “Adsorption and surface-enhanced Raman of dyes on silver and gold sols,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 86, no. 17, pp. 3391–3395, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. M. Fayaz, K. Balaji, M. Girilal, R. Yadav, P. T. Kalaichelvan, and R. Venketesan, “Biogenic synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their synergistic effect with antibiotics: a study against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria,” Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. e103–e109, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. Mulvaney, “Surface plasmon spectroscopy of nanosized metal particles,” Langmuir, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 788–800, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. V. K. Vidhu, S. A. Aromal, and D. Philip, “Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Macrotyloma uniflorum,” Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol. 83, no. 1, pp. 392–397, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Baset, H. Akbari, H. Zeynali, and M. Shafie, “Size measurement of metal and semiconductor nanoparticles via UV-Vis absorption spectra,” Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 709–716, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. V. K. Vidhu and D. Philip, “Catalytic degradation of organic dyes using biosynthesized silver nanoparticles,” Micron, vol. 56, pp. 54–62, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. Philip, C. Unni, S. A. Aromal, and V. K. Vidhu, “Murraya Koenigii leaf-assisted rapid green synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles,” Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 899–904, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. R. Morones, J. L. Elechiguerra, A. Camacho et al., “The bactericidal effect of silver nanoparticles,” Nanotechnology, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2346–2353, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. S. Kim, E. Kuk, K. N. Yu et al., “Antimicrobial effects of silver nanoparticles,” Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 95–101, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Balaji Raja and P. Singh, “Synergistic effect of silver nanoparticles with the cephalexin antibiotic against the test strains,” Bioresearch Bulletin, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 171–179, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  20. I. N. Ghosh, S. D. Patil, T. K. Sharma, S. K. Srivastava, R. Pathania, and N. K. Navani, “Synergistic action of cinnamaldehyde with silver nanoparticles against spore-forming bacteria: a case for judicious use of silver nanoparticles for antibacterial applications,” International Journal of Nanomedicine, vol. 8, pp. 4721–4731, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. K. I. Batarseh, “Anomaly and correlation of killing in the therapeutic properties of siliver (I) chelation with glutamic and tartaric acids,” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 546–548, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. Contreras and D. Vazquez, “Cooperative and antagonistic interactions of peptidyl tRNA and antibiotics with bacterial ribosomes,” European Journal of Biochemistry, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 539–547, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. Saha, M. M. Malik, and M. S. Qureshi, “Comparative study of synergistic effects of antibiotics with triangular shaped silver nanoparticles, synthesized using UV-light irradiation, on Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa,” Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 186–193, 2014. View at Google Scholar