Table of Contents
Journal of Nanoscience
Volume 2014, Article ID 909267, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/909267
Research Article

Effect of Reaction Rate and Calcination Time on Nanoparticles

1Department of Physics, Government Institute of Science, Nagpur, Maharashtra 440001, India
2Department of Physics, Amolakchand Mahavidyalaya, Yavatmal, Maharashtra 445001, India

Received 23 December 2013; Accepted 4 February 2014; Published 11 March 2014

Academic Editor: Mingwang Shao

Copyright © 2014 C. M. Dudhe and S. B. Nagdeote. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The properties of CaNb2O6 nanoparticles synthesized by coprecipitation method under controlled reaction rate and extended calcination time were studied. Analysis of the X-ray diffraction pattern shows single orthorhombic phase of the material with lattice parameters:  Å,  Å, and  Å. The morphology and size of particles was found to be improved due to the controlled reaction rate and extended calcination time. The average sizes of the particles were estimated as 40 nm and 90 nm for sintering temperatures 650°C and 800°C, respectively. The material was found to possess dielectric constant which is inversely proportional to the frequency. Surprisingly, the material shows ferroelectric behavior, the possible origin of which is discussed here.