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Journal of Nanotechnology
Volume 2009, Article ID 184702, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/184702
Review Article

Applying Nanotechnology to Human Health: Revolution in Biomedical Sciences

Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India

Received 20 May 2009; Accepted 20 June 2009

Academic Editor: Chuan-Jian Zhong

Copyright © 2009 Siddhartha Shrivastava and Debabrata Dash. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Recent research on biosystems at the nanoscale has created one of the most dynamic science and technology domains at the confluence of physical sciences, molecular engineering, biology, biotechnology, and medicine. This domain includes better understanding of living and thinking systems, revolutionary biotechnology processes, synthesis of new drugs and their targeted delivery, regenerative medicine, neuromorphic engineering, and developing a sustainable environment. Nanobiosystems research is a priority in many countries and its relevance within nanotechnology is expected to increase in the future. The realisation that the nanoscale has certain properties needed to solve important medical challenges and cater to unmet medical needs is driving nanomedical research. The present review explores the significance of nanoscience and latest nanotechnologies for human health. Addressing the associated opportunities, the review also suggests how to manage far-reaching developments in these areas.